Download This Sample
This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members!
To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download!
Sign Me Up
André-Marie Ampère was a French physicist and mathematician who contributed to the understanding of the science of electrodynamics, now known as electromagnetism. The unit for measuring electric current, the Ampère, is named in his honor.
See the fact file below for more information on the André-Marie Ampère or alternatively, you can download our 20-page André-Marie Ampère worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
EARLY LIFE AND FAMILY
- Born on the 20th of January, 1775 in the city of Lyon, France, André-Marie Ampère was the second of three children from a well-off family.
- His father, Jean-Jacques Ampère, was a businessman, and his mother, Jeanne Antoinette De Sutières-Sarcey, an orphaned daughter of a silk-merchant.
- He was born during the French Enlightenment, an intellectual and philosophical movement that influenced Europe during the 17th to 19th centuries.
- Ampère spent his early years at a family property at Poleymieux-au-Mont-d’Or about six miles from Lyon. His father looked up to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, one of the leaders of the French Enlightenment. He thought of following Rousseau’s approach and applied it to his son’s education; thus, Andre-Marie had no formal lessons.
- Andre-Marie learned about anything he felt like, and was permitted to read anything he wanted to from his father’s library, which made him more curious. Although he was allowed to pursue an “education direct from nature,” he did not reject the church and remained a practicing Catholic.
- “My father… never required me to study anything, but he knew how to inspire in me a great desire for knowledge. Before learning to read, my greatest pleasure was to listen to passages from Buffon’s natural history. I constantly requested him to read me the history of animals and birds…”
An excerpt from Memoirs, switched from third person to first person
- At the age of 13, he started studying advanced mathematics using his father’s books in the library. He even submitted a dissertation about conic sections to the Academy of Lyon, but got denied.
- His rejection made him work even harder. His father bought specialist books so his son could improve his mathematical aptitude. He even took Andre-Marie to Lyon, where he received his first formal lessons about calculus from Abbot Daburon.
- His supportive father also took him to Lyon’s college to attend physics lectures, which sparked his interest in reading more physics books.
MARRIAGE AND PERSONAL LIFE
- In 1799, at the age of 24, he married Catherine-Antoinette Carron, also known as Julie, and had a son named Jean-Jacques, in memory of his father.
- Three years later, Julie died of abdominal cancer.
- In 1806, he got married again to Jeanne-Francoise Potot, but separated in 1808. They had a daughter named Albine, who was born in 1807.
- Ampère had pneumonia at the age of 61. On June 10, 1836, he died in the French Mediterranean city of Marseilles.
- His remains were originally buried in Marseilles, but were moved to the Montmartre Cemetery in Paris, together with well-known composers Hector Berlioz and Jacques Offenbach, artist Edgar Degas, author Emile Zola, and mathematician Stanislaw Ulam.
- At 22, he opened up a shop in Lyon as a private mathematics tutor.
- Years later, his tutoring work caught the attention of Lyon’s intellectuals, who were amazed by his knowledge and enthusiasm.
- In 1802, Ampère taught in the town of Bourg, which was 30 miles away from Lyon. After a year, he went back to Lyon to work in another teaching position.
- Two years later, Ampère left for Paris, where he started tutoring university level classes at the École Polytechnique.
- Other mathematicians were impressed by his work; thus, he advanced to a full professor of mathematics in 1809, despite having no formal qualifications.
CONTRIBUTIONS TO SCIENCE
- Ampère was captivated by Hans Christian Oersted’s discovery of electromagnetism, so he decided to understand the science behind the electric current producing a magnetic field.
- “Ever since I first heard of Oersted’s great discovery… of the action of electric current on a magnetized needle, I have thought about it constantly. All my time has been dedicated to writing a great theory about these phenomena… and attempting the experiments indicated by this theory, all of which succeeded.”
Communication to his son, Jean-Jacques, 1820
- He started replicating Oersted’s work and during the latter part of September 1820, he made his discovery – he noticed that “if electric current flows in the same direction in two nearby parallel wires, the wires attract one another; if electric currents flow in opposite directions, the wires repel one another.”
- He created magnetic attraction and repulsion without the use of magnets; all of the magnetism was caused by electricity. Ampère called this electrodynamics, also known as electromagnetism.
- Ampère’s Circuital Law. He derived an equation connecting the diameter of a magnetic field to a constant electric current that produces it.
- He also introduced the existence of a new charged particle – the electrodynamic molecule – a prototype of the electron. He believed that a number of these molecules would cause electromagnetism.
- The unit of measure for electric current, the Ampère or amp (symbol A), was named in honor of him. It was he who first described electric current as a “circulation of electric fluid in a closed circuit.”
André-Marie Ampère Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the André-Marie Ampère across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use André-Marie Ampère worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about André-Marie Ampère who was a French physicist and mathematician who contributed to the understanding of the science of electrodynamics, now known as electromagnetism. The unit for measuring electric current, the Ampère, is named in his honor.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- André-Marie Ampère Facts
- Ampère Who?
- Fact Checkpoint
- Life Timeline
- Math or Physics
- Other Notable Veterans
- Tell Me More Ampère Facts
- Asking Ampère
- A Quote from Ampère
- Shoutout to Ampère
Link/cite this page
If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source.
Link will appear as André-Marie Ampère Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 14, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.