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Andrew Johnson was the 17th President of the United States (1865 – 1869). He became the President of America three hours after the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. Johnson was the first and only former U.S. President who became a Senator. For more information on Andrew Johnson read the fact file below or download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- Andrew Johnson was born on December 29, 1808, in Raleigh, North Carolina. He was the son of Jacob Johnson and Mary McDonough. At the age of 10, young Andrew learned how to read and write while working as a tailor’s apprentice. Five years later, he ran away to Carthage, North Carolina, and Columbia, Tennessee to work as a tailor. In Greeneville, Johnson was successful in his tailoring business. On May 17, 1827, he married Eliza McCardle with whom he had five children.
- Johnson started his political career when he was elected as the town alderman in 1829 followed by his mayorship in 1834. He became a member of the Tennessee
- House of Representatives in 1835 and 1839. In 1841, he was elected to the Tennessee Senate.
- From 1856 to 1862, Johnson served at the U.S. Senate. As a Senator, he opposed the secession even if his own state voted for it. He was the only southern Senator who did not join the Confederacy, so when the Union armies won in Tennessee, Johnson was appointed as the state’s Military Governor.
- During the 1864 election, Brigadier General Andrew Johnson was chosen by President Lincoln to be his running mate. Johnson was a Southern Democrat who was against the Confederacy.
- Andrew Johnson took his oath of office as the 17th President of the United States on April 15, 1865, at Kirkwood Hotel, Washington D.C, three hours after assassination of President Lincoln.
- As the new president, Johnson issued two proclamations regarding the reunion with the Confederate states. First, he granted all white southerners amnesty after an oath of loyalty. Second, the appointment of temporary and provisional governors to the southern states. These governors would oversee the new constitutions regarding the abolition of slavery and renouncement of secession.
- Johnson, together with his cabinet members, planned the reconstruction as outlined by the late President Lincoln.
- On December 2, 1865, Mississippi enacted the Black Code, which limited the rights of free African-Americans. The concept of slavery was replaced with servitude wherein former Confederates followed soon.
- In December 1865, the Congress with dominant Radical Republicans opposed President Johnson’s plan for the southern states. The next year, he vetoed a law for the extension of the Freedman’s Bureau. It was an agency assisting freed slaves established by Lincoln. In addition, the Civil Rights Act of 1866 was passed, granting citizenship to all people born in the United States including freed slaves. On June 16, 1866 amidst the opposing southern states, the Fourteenth Amendment was passed by Congress. It gave the government the duty to protect the rights of U.S. citizens. Congress made it a requirement for readmission to the Union.
- By March 1867, the Congress overrode the president’s veto on the First Reconstruction Act. The act divided the former Confederate states to be divided into five military districts headed by a military governor.
- Seven states were readmitted to the Union after subjecting the military districts under martial law. The new constitutional convention was boycotted by the whites while the pro-amendment voters ensured its validity.
- On April 1, 1867, the Congress approved the purchase of Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million.
- The Tenure of Office Act of 1867 was passed by the Congress to limit the President’s power of removing federal officers. Upon violating the act, the Congress tried to impeach Johnson. It was unsuccessful. During the 1868 election, he lost the Democratic Party nomination.
Post-presidency and Death
- In 1870, Johnson ran for a seat in the U.S. Senate but lost. Two years later, he tried the U.S. House of Representatives but that too was unsuccessful.
On March 5, 1875, he became the first and only former President to be elected to the U.S. Senate. By July 31, 1875, four months after winning a seat in the Senate,
- Johnson died at the Carter’s Station, Tennessee from a stroke.
- His body was interred in Greeneville, Tennessee, which was later named as the Andrew Johnson National Cemetery.
Andrew Johnson Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Andrew Johnson Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about Andrew Johnson who was the 17th President of the United States (1865 – 1869). He became the President of America three hours after the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Andrew Johnson Facts
- Sir Veto
- Veto Power
- Union v. Confederacy
- Tailored Career
- Cabinet Members
- All About Tennessee
- Political Cartoon Analysis
- A.J’s Administration
- Yesterday,Today, and Tomorrow
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Link will appear as Andrew Johnson Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, July 14, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
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