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Table of Contents
Andrew Warhola or Andy Warhol was an American artist, producer, and director, but mostly known as a proponent or leading figure in an artistic movement known as Pop Art.
See the fact file below for more information on the Andy Warhol or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Andy Warhol worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Andy Warhol was born on August 6, 1928, in the neighborhood of Oakland in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
- Andy Warhol’s parents were Slovakian Immigrants.
- His father was Ondrej Warhola, a construction worker.
- His mother was Julia Warhola, an embroider.
- Warhol’s parents were devoted to their faith as Byzantine Catholics and attended mass regularly.
- Slovakian culture and heritage was maintained in their household while living in Pittsburgh’s Eastern European territory.
- Warhol was eight when he contracted a rare disease known as Chorea — also known as St. Vitus’s Dance — the disease was sometimes fatal.
- It affected Warhol’s nervous system and left him bedridden for months.
- While Warhol was sick in bed, his mother taught him his first drawing lessons, and drawing became Warhol’s favorite childhood pastime.
- His mother bought him a camera at the age of nine as he was a fan of films.
- He set up a makeshift darkroom in their basement and developed a film.
- Warhol attended Holmes Elementary school.
- Warhol took the free art classes offered at the Carnegie Institute, now known as the Carnegie Museum of Art in Pittsburgh.
- Warhol suffered from another tragedy when his father passed away from a jaundiced liver in 1942 when he was only 14 years old.
- When Warhol could not attend his father’s funeral, he became so upset that he hid under his bed throughout the wake.
- Ondrej, Warhol’s father, had recognized his son’s artistic talents in his will, so he decided that his life savings would go toward Warhol’s college education.
- Warhol began at Schenley High School in the same year his father died.
- Upon graduating, in 1945, he enrolled at the Carnegie Institute for Technology, now known as Carnegie Mellon University, and studied pictorial design.
- Warhol graduated from college with his Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in 1949.
- Warhol moved to New York to become a commercial artist.
- He removed the ‘a’ in his last name to become Warhol.
- In September, Warhol signed a contract with Glamour Magazine. Soon enough, he became one of the most successful commercial artists of the 1950s, winning several awards for his unique and whimsical style.
- His method used his own blotted line technique and rubber stamps to create his drawings.
WARHOL AND POP ART
- Warhol debuted the concept of Pop Art in 1961, as he devoted his painting to focusing on mass-produced commercial goods.
- Warhol described Pop Art in his own words as “Once you ‘got’ pop, you could never see a sign the same way again. And once you thought pop, you could never see America the same way again.”
- Warhol was also famous for painting portraits of celebrities and figures in vivid, immensely bright or showy colors.
- Warhol’s famous portraits subjects include Marilyn Monroe, Elizabeth Taylor, Mick Jagger, and Mao Tse-tung.
- Pop art is a trend or movement in art that came from the United Kingdom and the United States during the middle to the end of the 1950s.
- The movement tended to challenge the traditions of fine art as it included images from popular and mass culture, such as advertising, comic books, and everyday or mundane cultural objects.
- It is aimed to oppose popular, what is understood by many, to be elitist, what is understood by few.
- Andy Warhol’s work explores the relationship between artistic expression, advertising, and celebrity culture.
- He used several materials or mediums, including painting, silkscreening, photography, film, and sculpture.
- Andy Warhol’s notable works were:
- Campbell’s Soup Cans (1962)
- It was produced between November 1961 and March of 1962.
- It consists of 32 canvases with paintings of a Campbell’s Soup can, varying according to the flavors the company was producing at that time.
- The paintings were produced using silkscreening.
- Marilyn Diptych (1962)
- The silkscreen paintings depict the celebrity Marilyn Monroe.
- Chelsea Girls (1966)
- An underground film directed by Andy Warhol and Paul Morrissey.
- It was Andy Warhol’s first film that succeeded commercially, after making avante-garde art films, or films that are made in an unusual, experimental film.
- Andy Warhol suffered from a chronic disease in his gall bladder in his later life.
- The complications in his body resulted in a cardiac arrest, causing his death on 22 February 1987.
- Warhol’s personal life was quite mysterious and therefore, has been the subject of much debate.
- He is widely believed to have been a gay man as his art often featured homoerotic imagery and motifs.
- However, Warhol claimed that he remained a virgin for his entire life.
- His paintings of distorted brand images and celebrity faces could be read as a criticism of what Warhol viewed as a culture that is obsessed with money and celebrity.
- However, in his book, The Philosophy of Andy Warhol, he wrote that “making money is art and working is art, and good business is the best art.”
Andy Warhol Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Andy Warhol across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Andy Warhol worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Andrew Warhola or Andy Warhol who was an American artist, producer, and director, but mostly known as a proponent or leading figure in an artistic movement known as Pop Art.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Andy Warhol Facts
- About Andy
- Pop Art Pioneer
- Andy’s Creations
- Describing Andy
- Mind of an Artist
- Andy’s Influences
- Silkscreen Steps
- Pop Artists
- Warhol’s Legacy
- Art Inspired by Andy
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Use With Any Curriculum
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