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Anne Hutchinson was a Puritan spiritual leader who spread her own interpretations of the Bible. Her actions led to the Antinomian Controversy in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, which caused her death in a massacre in 1643. See the fact file below for more information on Anne Hutchinson or alternatively download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Anne Hutchinson Facts
- Anne Marbury was the daughter of Francis Marbury, a discredited Anglican clergyman. He was born in Alford, Lincolnshire, England, in 1591. Growing up, young Anne was taught to have her own way of thinking while her mother, Bridget Dryden, equipped her with knowledge in herbal medicines.
- In 1612, Anne married a merchant, William Hutchinson, and became followers of the Anglican minister John Cotton.
- England and its colonies were then under the Protestant-led Church of England, which made other religious views discreet and hidden. Puritans, such as minister Cotton, moved to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1633. The Hutchinsons followed a year later.
- Upon arrival in Boston, Anne became a midwife and herbalist. Alongside, she gathered people in her home once a week to discuss the minister’s sermon. She believed in a spirit-centered theology, which focused on strengthening one’s faith.
- Puritan ministers found her teachings unacceptable. They viewed themselves as the sole interpreters of the Bible, thus making a woman unqualified. The ministers believed that people must live according to the Bible’s precepts of performing deeds. Their strict doctrine was called into doubt among the people after Hutchinson’s weekly meetings.
- The era of growing dispute was known as the Antinomian Controversy (1636-1638). The controversy broke out while Cotton was leading the religious revival, which caused doubt to settle on the colonists’ spiritual beliefs.
- Hutchinson was deemed a threat as she brought danger to the community’s faith.
- Governor John Winthrop filed a case of sedition and heresy against Hutchinson through the General Court of Massachusetts. By November 1637, she faced a trial and was accused of defaming the ministers through her contradictory teachings.
- During the trial, Winthrop highlighted that Anne teaching men in public was not an act fit for her sex. Hutchinson defended herself by citing how in the Bible, the young were taught by older women.
- Hutchinson claimed that all her statements and acts came directly from God. Nevertheless, the Puritans of Massachusetts found her guilty of heresy.
- On March 22, 1638, she was banished from the community after being excommunicated by the Church of Boston.
- William and Anne moved to the colony in Rhode Island. In 1642, her husband died, which left Anne, their children, and servants to transfer to Long Island Sound.
- In 1643, Hutchinson and most of her children were killed by the local Native American Siwanoy tribe. The tribespeople despised the new settlers, which culminated in a brutal and bloody massacre.
- Anne Hutchinson played a controversial role in Boston’s social milieu. She gained religious authority that no woman possessed during her time.
- Historians view Hutchinson’s fate as driven by political, theological, and gender issues of the time, which was that women were designed to do household duties and have no political and spiritual influence in the community.
Anne Hutchinson Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Anne Hutchinson Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the controversial Puritan spiritual leader who defended her stand against common political and religious views. Anne Hutchinson may have encountered numerous issues relating to her gender during her time but her courage will not be forgotten throughout history.
Download includes the following worksheets
- Anne Hutchinson Facts
- Religious Faiths
- Antinomian Controversy
- Biblical Facts
- World Religions
- All About the Church of England
- The Hutchinson Trial
- Boston Headlines!
- Women and Religion
- Let’s Sum Up!
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Link will appear as Anne Hutchinson Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 30, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.