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Aristotle of Stagira (l. 384-322 BCE) was a Greek philosopher who pioneered systematic and scientific examination in literally every area of human knowledge, and was known in his time, as “the man who knew everything” and later only as “The Philosopher.”
See the fact file below for more information on the Aristotle or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Aristotle worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Aristotle was born in 384 BCE in Stagira, Greece, on the border of Macedonia.
- Aristotle’s father, Nicomachus, was the court physician to the Macedonian king Amyntas II. Although Nicomachus died when Aristotle was just a young boy, Aristotle remained closely affiliated with and influenced by the Macedonian court for the rest of his life. Little is known about his mother, Phaestis, who came from a wealthy family on the island of Euboea; She was also believed to have died when Aristotle was young.
- When Aristotle turned 17, he enrolled in Plato’s Academy. In 338, he began tutoring Alexander the Great.
- When he was 18, Aristotle was sent to Athens to study at Plato’s Academy where he remained for the next 20 years. He was an exceptional student, graduated early, and was awarded a position on the faculty teaching rhetoric and dialogue.
- It appears that Aristotle thought he would take over the Academy after Plato’s death and when that position was given to Plato’s nephew Speusippus, Aristotle left Athens to conduct experiments and study on his own in the islands of the Greek Archipelago.
- In 335, Aristotle founded his own school, the Lyceum, in Athens, where he spent most of his life studying, teaching, and writing.
- Aristotle wrote an estimated 200 works, most in the form of notes and manuscript drafts touching on physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology.
- Aristotle created a comprehensive system of Western philosophy that encompassed morality and aesthetics, logic and science, politics and metaphysics.
- Aristotle’s theories on physical sciences shaped medieval scholarship, and they persisted into the Renaissance. His work contains the earliest recorded formal study of logic. Aristotle’s biological writing comprises approximately one-fourth of his surviving works.
- His student Theophrastus reportedly looked after Aristotle’s writings and later passed them to his own student Neleus, who stored them in a vault to protect them from moisture until they were taken to Rome and used by scholars there. Of Aristotle’s estimated works, only 31 are still in circulation. Most date to Aristotle’s time at the Lyceum.
WIFE AND CHILDREN
- During his three-year stay in Mysia, Aristotle met and married his first wife, Pythias, King Hermias’ niece. Together, the couple had a daughter, named after Pythias.
- In 335 B.C., the same year that Aristotle opened the Lyceum, his wife Pythias died. Soon after, Aristotle embarked on a romance with a woman named Herpyllis, who hailed from his hometown of Stagira. According to some historians, Herpyllis may have been Aristotle’s slave, granted to him by the Macedonia court. They presume that he eventually freed and married her. Regardless, it was known that Herpyllis bore Aristotle’s children, including one son named Nicomachus, named after Aristotle’s father.
- Upon Alexander’s death in 323 BCE, Aristotle became a target for anti-Macedonian attitudes. The authorities charged him with heresy for comparing Hermias, his first wife’s late father, to divinity. Rather than appearing in court or allowing the Greeks to destroy another philosopher after the earlier execution of Socrates, Aristotle fled to Chalcis in Euboea and left his student Theophrastus in charge of the Lyceum.
- This exile lasted a year, as Aristotle died in 322 BCE of a stomach disorder at the age of sixty-two. His works influenced nearly every branch of inquiry for millennia.
- Aristotle’s intellectual achievement is stupendous. He was the first genuine scientist in history and was the first author whose surviving works contain detailed and extensive observations of natural phenomena.
- He was the first philosopher to achieve a grasp of the relationship between theory and observation in the scientific method.
- He was the first professor to organize his lectures into courses and to assign them a place in a syllabus. His Lyceum was the first research institute in which several scholars and investigators joined in collaborative inquiry and documentation.
- Finally, he was the first person in history to build up a research library, a systematic collection of works to be used by his colleagues and to be handed on to posterity.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Aristotle across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Aristotle worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Aristotle of Stagira (l. 384-322 BCE) who was a Greek philosopher who pioneered systematic and scientific examination in literally every area of human knowledge, and was known in his time, as “the man who knew everything” and later only as “The Philosopher.”
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Aristotle Facts
- A Recall
- The Golden Mean
- Accomplished Works
- Keep It or Trash It
- Who is Right?
- Greek Philosophers
- Aristotle’s Acrostic Facts
- A Reading Tool
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Link will appear as Aristotle Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 26, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
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