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Edward III was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1337 until June 1377, in his death. Edward III was the seventh king of the House of Plantagenet, a royal house that was established and originated from Anjou, France. Edward III was a king who is recognized for his success in handling military situations, and for restoring the royal authority after Edward II, his father, implemented unorthodox and disastrous ruling.
See the fact file below for more information on the Edward III or alternatively, you can download our 22-page Edward III worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Edward was born on November 13, 1312.
- He was born at Windsor Castle, a royal residence at Windsor, located in the English county of Berkshire.
- His father, Edward II, was a king who was considered to rule badly.
- Edward II was notorious for his inactivity, and he failed repeatedly in an ongoing war with Scotland.
- In addition, Edward II was also known to treat patrons with favoritism.
- The birth of Edward III made his father’s reputation temporarily improve.
- At the young age of twelve, Edward III was already named Earl of Chester, one of the powerful earldoms whose dominion extended over the counties of Cheshire and Flintshire.
- Charles IV of France, Edward II’s brother-in-law, demanded him to perform homage for the English Duchy of Aquitaine.
- The king was hesitant to leave England for there was a domestic discontent brooding over the land.
- Instead, he made Edward III the Duke of Aquitaine to take his place, travelling to France and performing the homage.
- Edward, who was young then, was accompanied by Isabella, his mother and King Charles’s sister, on the way to France.
- His objective was to negotiate a peace treaty with France.
- Little did he know, Isabella was already conspiring with Roger Mortimer to dethrone Edward II.
- Isabella engaged the twelve-year old Edward to Philippa of Hainault in order to get diplomatic and military support.
- England was then invaded while Edward II’s forces deserted him.
- A parliament was summoned by Isabella and Mortimer to force Edward II to step down from his throne and pass it to his son.
- In London on January 25, 1327, Edward III was proclaimed king.
- Edward III was officially crowned on February 1st at Westminster Abbey; he was only 14 years old.
- The early reign of the young Edward III faced problems regarding the manipulation of, now the de facto ruler of England, the central position at court of Mortimer.
- Mortimer, the acting ruler of England, used his power to acquire nobel states and titles.
- Mortimer was also humiliated when he faced defeat by the Scots in 1328, at the Battle of Stanhope Park.
- Edward III also had problems with his mother.
- Edward and Philippa married on January 24, 1328.
- Edward had a son with Philippa, Edward of Woodstock, born on June 15, 1330.
- To finally end his problem with Mortimer, Edward III, aided by William Montagu, 3rd Baron Montagu, took Mortimer by surprise at Nottingham Castle on October 19, 1330.
- The execution and end of Mortimer was the beginning of Edward III’s personal rule.
- Edward III created the Duchy of Cornwall in 1337, in order to provide the heir to the throne an income and dominion independent to the sovereignty of England.
- In 1338, Edward III was forced to form a truce with Scotland, as their victory over the Scots was found difficult to sustain.
- This was because if Scotland and France remained allies, then England would be fighting war with these two countries.
- In 1339, Edward III successfully invaded France, claiming the French throne as well.
- Edward III’s coat of arms featured the three lions of England quartered with the fleurs-de-lys of France, in order to signify that he has successfully claimed the French throne.
- The following year resulted in other military success such as in the Sluys.
- In July 1346, Edward III staged a war on Normandy with a force of 15,000 men.
- They successfully seized the city of Caen.
- The English army marched towards Crecy to meet up with other forces in Flanders.
- Edward III decided to attack Crecy. They won against the French army on August 26, called the Battle of Crecy.
- His late years were marked by military and political decline.
- In the 1360s, Edward grew reliant on the help of his subordinates such as William Wykeham.
- In September 1376, Edward III became ill with a large abcess. He briefly recovered in February 1377.
- He died on June 21, 1377 of a stroke.
- After his death, Edward III was succeeded by his ten-year-old grandson, King Richard II, who was the son of Edward of Woodstock.
Edward III Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Edward III across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Edward III worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Edward III who was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1337 until June 1377, in his death. Edward III was the seventh king of the House of Plantagenet, a royal house that was established and originated from Anjou, France. Edward III was a king who is recognized for his success in handling military situations, and for restoring the royal authority after Edward II, his father, implemented unorthodox and disastrous ruling.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Edward III Facts
- Biography of a King
- Describing Edward
- Word Identification
- Yes or No
- Personal Rule Timeline
- Important People
- A Tribute to Edward II
- King Word Search
- Kings Comparison
- A Monarch’s Plan
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Link will appear as Edward III Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 21, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.