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Eleanor Roosevelt was the wife of US President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933 – 1945) who devoted much of her time to numerous humanitarian causes as First Lady. She was known for being a delegate in the United Nations and advocate of human rights across the globe.
See the fact file below for more information on the Eleanor Roosevelt or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Eleanor Roosevelt worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
PERSONAL AND EARLY LIFE
- Born on October 11, 1884, Anna Eleanor Roosevelt came from a wealthy family in New york. Her father, Elliott Roosevelt, was the younger brother of former US President Theodore Roosevelt.
- Her mother died in 1892, while her father followed two years later. The Roosevelt siblings lived with their grandmother, Mary Ludlow Hall, in Manhattan, New York.
- Until the age of 15, young Eleanor was privately tutored. She was then sent to an all girls school in England, the Allenswood Academy.
- By 18 years old, Eleanor went back to New York and began to actively participate as a volunteer teacher for impoverished immigrant children in Manhattan. Moreover, she became a member of the National Consumers’ League which aimed to end unsafe working conditions.
- At the age of 20, Eleanor married Franklin D. Roosevelt, 22, her fifth cousin. Eleanor was escorted down the aisle by then President Theodore Roosevelt. The couple had five children, namely Anna, James, Elliott, Franklin Jr, and John.
- During World War I, Eleanor volunteered with the American Red Cross and in Navy hospitals. In the 1920s, she was an active member of the Women’s Union Trade League and the League of Women Voters.
AS FIRST LADY
- Despite being diagnosed with polio, former New York governor, Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected as President of the United States in 1933.
- Compared to traditional first ladies who became the social hostess of the White House, Eleanor was more visible and active with her husband’s administration. While the United States was experiencing the Great Depression, she visited government institutions.
- Moreover, Eleanor was a known advocate of African-American civil rights, and rights of women, children, and the poor. In addition, she was a known supporter of artists and writers.
- With much influence, Eleanor encouraged her husband to appoint more women in the federal government and allow more female journalists in White House conferences.
- During World War II, Eleanor fueled the morale of the American troops and supported those women who wanted to enter the defense industry. In addition, she advocated the acceptance of European refugees in the United States.
- She gave press conferences and spoke out for human rights, children’s causes, and women’s issues, working on behalf of the League of Women Voters.
- She was praised by many, and today she is regarded by most as a leader of women’s and civil rights, as well as one of the first public officials to publicize important issues through the mass media.
AFTER THE WHITE HOUSE
- On April 12, 1945, following the death of Franklin Roosevelt, Eleanor told interviewers that she didn’t have plans for continuing her public service. However, President Harry Truman appointed the former first lady as a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly, a position in which she served from 1945 to 1953. She became chair of the U.N.’s Human Rights Commission and helped to write the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- In 1961, she headed the first Presidential Commission on the Status of Women as persuaded by President Kennedy. She also became an active board member of numerous organisations including the National Association for the Advancement of the Colored People or NAACP, and the Advisory Council for the Peace Corps.
- During her lifetime, Eleanor wrote 27 books and over 8,000 columns. She also hosted radio programs and television shows during her post White House years.
- At the age of 78, Eleanor died from aplastic anemia, tuberculosis, and heart failure in New York. US Presidents Harry S. Truman, Dwight Eisenhower, and John F. Kennedy attended her funeral. She was buried next to her husband on the grounds of their estate in Hyde Park.
Eleanor Roosevelt Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Eleanor Roosevelt across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Eleanor Roosevelt worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Eleanor Roosevelt who was the wife of US President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933 – 1945) who devoted much of her time to numerous humanitarian causes as First Lady. She was known for being a delegate in the United Nations and advocate of human rights across the globe.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Eleanor Roosevelt Facts
- The First Lady
- America’s First Family
- First Ladies and Presidents
- Worthy Quotes
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- Picture Concept
- Truth About Eleanor
- The Writer
- Other Women Leaders
- Her Legacy
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Use With Any Curriculum
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