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See the fact file below for more information on Ernest Hemingway or alternatively, you can download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom environment.
- Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Cicero, Illinois, Chicago. He was the son of Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, a physician, and Grace Hall Hemingway, a musician.
- Young Ernest attended Oak Park and River Forest High School where he excelled in English. He also participated in school athletics and music programs.
- While in high school, Ernest worked as a sports writer for the school’s newspaper, The Trapeze and Tabula.
- Upon his graduation in 1917, Ernest worked as a cub journalist for the Kansas City Star.
- Before WWI ended, Hemingway served as an ambulance driver for the Red Cross in Italy. He received the Italian Silver Medal of Bravery after helping injured Italian soldiers.
- While staying at a hospital in Milan, he met nurse Agnes von Kurowsky, who accepted his marriage proposal. Sadly, Agnes broke off the engagement and he returned to the United States.
- At the age of 20, Hemingway worked as a freelance writer for the Toronto Star. By 1920, he moved to Chicago where he met Hadley Richardson. The couple moved to Paris after getting married.
Ernest Hemingway’s Literary Career
- Hemingway met Gertrude Stein, who became his mentor and key to meeting great writers and artists including F. Scott Fitzgerald,
Ezra Pound, James Joyce, Juan Gris and Pablo Picasso.
- In 1925, Hemingway and his wife went to the famous Festival of San Fermin in Pamplona, Spain. The festival became the basis of Hemingway’s first novel, The Sun Also Rises, that was published a year later.
- Hemingway’s first book, The Sun Also Rises, was set during the mid-1920s when American expatriates went to Paris. It was a love story of Jake Barnes, a journalist living in Paris, and Lady Brett Ashley, a promiscuous divorcee.
- After its publication, Ernest and Hadley divorced. Shortly after, Ernest married his second wife, Pauline Pfeiffer, with whom he had two sons, Patrick (1928) and Gregory Hancock (1931).
- The Hemingways moved to Key West, Florida, where he wrote his World War I novel, A Farewell to Arms, published in 1929. The novel was a first-person account of an American lieutenant serving the in the Italian campaign during WWI and his love affair with Catherine Barkley.
- Later, the novel was adapted to a stage play, film and television mini-series.
- In 1937, while reporting on the Spanish Civil War, Hemingway met Martha Gellhorn, a fellow war correspondent.
- Ernest divorced Pauline and married Martha, his third wife. The new couple bought a home in Havana, Cuba.
- In 1939, Hemingway began writing For Whom the Bell Tolls. It was published a year later and was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize. The novel was about the brutality of the Spanish Civil War and the experiences of Robert Jordan.
- In 1941, Hemingway served as a war correspondent during WWII, specifically the D-Day landing in Normandy. Before the war ended, he met another war correspondent, Mary Welsh, who became his fourth wife, after divorcing Martha. Mary and Ernest married in 1946.
- In 1951, Hemingway wrote The Old Man and Sea, which became his most famous book and won him the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. It was a short novel about Santiago, a Cuban fisherman, and his 84 days of struggles.
- By 1954, he was awarded with the Nobel Prize for Literature.
- Pierce and Hemingway met in Paris, in 1927. They both served as ambulance drivers during WWI but Hemingway was based in Italy while Pierce served the French Army.
Struggles, Death, and Legacy
- Hemingway searched for adventures in Africa where he survived two successive plane crashes. Along with his injuries and unhealthy lifestyle, he suffered from depression, high blood pressure and liver disease.
- Despite his deteriorating mental and physical health, he wrote A Moveable Feast, his memoirs from living in Paris.
- On July 2, 1962, at the age of 61, Hemingway committed suicide in his Ketchum home, using a shotgun.
- Ernest Hemingway left an iconic style that writers today still look up to. His pursuit of adventure produced a body of work that mirrored his life and creative talent.
- Among the famous works of Hemingway are short stories: The Snows of Kilimanjaro (1936), The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber (1936), The Killers (1927), and Hills Like White Elephants (1927); novels: The Old Man and the Sea (1952), The Sun Also Rises (1926), A Farewell to Arms (1929), For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940); and a memoir: A Moveable Feast (published in 1964, posthumously).
Ernest Hemingway Worksheets
This bundle includes 11 ready-to-use Ernest Hemingway worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about Ernest Hemingway who was a Nobel Prize-winning novelist. In 1953, he won the Pulitzer Prize for his work, The Old Man and the Sea.
This download includes the following worksheets:
- Ernest Hemingway Facts
- The Way for Hemingway
- Bigger Picture
- Every Letter
- 20th Century Novelists
- Literary Travels
- Puzzle Pieces
- Laureates for Literature
- The Sun Also Rises
- Hemingway Speaks
- Treasure in Reading
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