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Ernst Haeckel was a German zoologist, evolutionist, philosopher, professor, naturalist, physician, biologist, and artist. He was known for his contributions in the scientific realm, including discovering and naming thousands of species, coining different biological terms, and mapping a genealogical tree.
See the fact file below for more information on the Ernst Haeckel or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Ernst Haeckel worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION
- Born as Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel on February 16, 1834 in Potsdam, Prussia.
- Ernst Haeckel grew up in Merseburg where his father worked as a government official.
- Ernst Haeckel completed his studies at Würzburg and at the University of Berlin.
- His professor at the University of Berlin, Johannes Müller, took Haeckel on an expedition for them to observe small sea creatures off the coast of Heligoland in the North Sea.
- In 1857, Haeckel obtained his doctorate in medicine.
- Ernst Haeckel practiced medicine for a short period of time.
- Later on, Haeckel travelled to Italy where he painted.
- Haeckel returned to academic studies after being influenced by Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.
- For three years, Haeckel studied at the University of Jena under Karl Gegenbaur, and he later on became a professor in zoology.
AS AN ARTIST
- As a scientist and an artist, Haeckel combined art and science in his book entitled Kunstformen der Natur (Art Forms of Nature).
- The book is a collection of lithographic and halftone prints by Haeckel.
AS A PHILOSOPHER
- Ernst Haeckel, as a philosopher, wrote Die Welträthsel (The Riddle of the Universe).
- The term world riddle or world-riddle concerns the nature of the universe and the meaning of life.
- This term is widely associated to Ernst Haeckel and to another German philosopher, Friedrich Nietzsche.
AS AN EVOLUTIONIST
- Ernst Haeckel promoted and was influenced by Charles Darwin’s work, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.
- Haeckel believed in Lamarckism.
- Lamarckism is the notion that states that the physical characteristics of the parent organism which it acquired through use or disuse throughout its lifetime can be passed on to its offspring.
- Haeckel believed that over the course of time, evolution added new stages in order to produce new life forms.
- Haeckel presented the genealogical tree of humanity.
- Haeckel reconstructed the human ancestral tree where he showed humankind’s descent from the lower animals.
AS A BIOLOGIST
- As a biologist, Ernst Haeckel coined several terms in biology.
- In 1866, Haeckel coined the word ecology (“Ökologie”) in his book Generelle Morphologie der Organismen.
- According to Haeckel, ecology is the science of the relations of the organism to its environment including all the conditions of existing.
- In the same year, the term phylum was coined by Haeckel from the Greek phylon which means race or stock and phyle which means tribe or clan.
- Haeckel said that species are constantly evolving into new species that somehow retain few consistent features but also have new few features that distinguishes them as a group.
- Also in 1866, Haeckel first used the term protista which refers to the kingdom made up of protists.
- Protists are eukaryotic organisms that cannot be classified as animal, plant, or fungus.
- Some example of protists are amoeba, choanaflagellates, ciliates, diatoms, and giardia.
- In 1867, Ernst Haeckel married Agnes Huschke and had 3 children. Walter was born in 1868, Elizabeth was born in 1871, and Emma was born in 1873.
- Haeckel’s wife, Agnes, died in 1915.
- Ernst Haeckel sold his Villa Medusa in Jena in 1918 to the Carl Zeiss Foundation.
- Ernst Haeckel died on August 9, 1919.
Ernst Haeckel Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Ernst Haeckel across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Ernst Haeckel worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Ernst Haeckel who was a German zoologist, evolutionist, philosopher, professor, naturalist, physician, biologist, and artist. He was known for his contributions in the scientific realm, including discovering and naming thousands of species, coining different biological terms, and mapping a genealogical tree.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Ernst Haeckel Facts
- Who’s Haeckel?
- Test Yourself!
- Explain It!
- Hunt Them Down
- The University
- Pick One
- Theory of Your Own
- Be An Artist
- Letter to Haeckel
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Link will appear as Ernst Haeckel Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 3, 2020
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