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Table of Contents
Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher, author and philologist known for his outspoken critique of religious concepts. His relatively brief career made him one of the most influential thinkers of the 19th century with his works like Twilight of the Idols and Thus Spoke Zarathustra.
See the fact file below for more information on Friedrich Nietzsche or alternatively, you can download our 22 pageFriedrich Nietzsche worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- On October 15, 1844, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born in Röcken bei Lϋtzen, Prussian Province of Saxony (now part of Germany). His parents were Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, a Lutheran town minister, and Franziska Nietzsche, a former teacher.
- At the age of four, young Friedrich and his sister, Elisabeth, were raised by their mother after the death of their father. Upon moving to Naumburg, Friedrich attended Schulpforta, one of the world’s prestigious schools specializing music and languages.
- He learned languages like Latin, Hebrew, French and Greek. In addition, Friedrich developed his writing and composing skills.
- In 1864, he enrolled at the University of Bonn but transferred to the University of Leipzig after two semesters. During his time at Leipzig, Friedrich was greatly influenced by the writings of Arthur Schopenhauer. He also met composer Richard Wagner.
- From 1869 to 1879, he became a professor of classical philology at the University of Basel in Switzerland.
Friedrich Nietzsche’s Philosophical and Literary Career:
- While in Switzerland, Nietzsche published The Birth of Tragedy in 1872 and Human, All Too Human in 1878.
- From 1883 to 1885, he produced four volumes of Thus Spoke Zarathustra. During that time, Nietzsche moved from Switzerland to France to Italy. He lived in seclusion and published more works, including Beyond Good and Evil (1886), On the Genealogy of Morality (1887), and Twilight of the Idols (1889).
- His works mirrored his philosophical views, including his rejection of Christianity, endorsement of will to power, and the concept of Übermensch or super-man.
On his 44th birthday, he wrote his autobiography entitled Ecce Homo.
Health Struggles, Death, and Legacy
- In 1889, Nietzsche experienced a mental breakdown while in the streets of Turin. He was put in an asylum and then cared for by his mother and sister for his remaining years.
- While suffering his illness, Nietzsche wrote short pieces to his friends. Wahnzettel or the Madness Letters were received by Cosima Wagner and Jacob Burckhardt, among others.
- On August 25, 1990, after surviving two strokes, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche died in Weimar, Germany.
- Initially, he was diagnosed with tertiary syphilis but scholars are still uncertain on the cause of Nietzsche’s illness. Some believed that his madness was because he inherited a brain disease, while others think that it was due to overuse of sedative drugs.
- Some of his notable works include The Gay Science, published in 1882, which popularised his remarks “God is dead”, On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense (1873), The Dawn (1881), The AntiChrist (1888) and The Will to Power, which was posthumously edited and published by his sister.
- In 2010, The Peacock and the Buffalo: The Poetry of Nietzsche, the first complete English translation of Nietzsche’s poetry, was published.
- He became a major influence on 20th-century thinkers like Martin Heidegger, Michel Foucault, Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud, Albert Camus, Jean-Paul Sartre, Jacques Derrida and Thomas Mann.
- During the 1930s and 40s, Nietzsche’s work was often cited and used by the Nazi Party to justify their acts. Such use darkened his reputation as a philosopher. Nevertheless, he is considered one of the most influential modern philosophers.
Friedrich Nietzsche Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about author and philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Friedrich Nietzsche worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Friedrich Nietzsche who was a German philosopher, author and philologist known for his outspoken critique of religious concepts.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Friedrich Nietzsche Facts
- The Little Pastor
- World Thinkers
- Best of Germany
- Nietzsche Hunt
- Influenced by Nietzsche
- Beyond Good and Evil
- Nietzsche List
- Philosopher’s Thoughts
- My Synthesis
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Use With Any Curriculum
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