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Table of Contents
Born on June 3, 1865, George V was the King of Great Britain between 1910 and 1936. He ascended the throne after the sudden death of his brother Albert.
See the fact file below for more information on the George V or alternatively, you can download our 22-page George V worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
EARLY AND PERSONAL LIFE
- George Frederick Ernest Albert of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha was the second son of Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark. He was the grandson of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.
- Together with his older brother, Albert, George was educated by private tutors. Later, he joined the Royal Navy, while Albert left for Trinity College.
- In 1892, Albert unexpectedly died of influenza. As a result, Prince George assumed the role as heir to the throne. He was named the Duke of York and became a member of the House of Lords.
- After the death of his brother, George married Princess Mary of Teck, Albert’s former fiancée, and had six children: Prince Edward, Prince Albert, Princess Mary, Prince Henry, Prince George, and Prince John.
- In January 1901, following the death of Queen Victoria, Prince George became the first to swear his allegiance to his father, the new king.
- In May of the same year, Prince George opened the first Parliament of the new Commonwealth of Australia. He also visited New Zealand, South Africa, and Canada.
- By November, King Edward VII made him the Prince of Wales. He then continued with the Royal Tours, flying to Berlin, Austria, India, and Burma.
AS KING OF GREAT BRITAIN
- On May 6, 1910, following the death of his father, Edward VII, George V was crowned as King of Great Britain.
- As the new king, George V faced budget controversy and constitutional crisis in Britain. His initial action gave the House of Lords assumptions that he favored the middle class over the gentry.
- In July 1914, the First World War broke out. As king, he visited military hospitals and the front.
- Together with Queen Mary, George V became the only monarch to visit India as King-Emperor in 1911.
- Aside from military efforts, George V also faced anti-German sentiment in Britain. Given his obvious German lineage, the king chose to change his name from the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to the House of Windsor.
- George V also decided to distance himself from his cousin, Tsar Nicholas II, when the Bolshevik revolution broke out. He denied the tsar and his family political asylum.
- Given his actions, George V was one of the few European monarchs who remained in power and did not fall to any civil war or revolution.
- In 1916, the rebellion in Ireland led to an independent Irish Parliament. Moreover, the dominions of Canada, New Zealand, Australia, and South Africa began to clamour for self-governance, which led to the formation of the Commonwealth of Nations in 1931. India soon followed in 1935.
- In 1931, the Statute of Westminster was enacted, which enabled the Dominion Parliaments to pass laws without reference to the laws of the Mother country. Amidst such independence, the dominion maintained its allegiance to the Crown.
- In 1932, King George V began the tradition of the annual Christmas Broadcast to the Empire.
LATER LIFE AND LEGACY
- George V was the first King of Great Britain from the House of Windsor. With his deteriorating health in 1935, his relationship with his eldest son also went awry. Prince Edward, who was expected to be king, failed to do his duties when he had an affair with a married woman.
- The same year, he celebrated his Silver Jubilee. As king, he gained the respect of his people after being visible during the First World War.
- King George V chose his second son, Prince Albert, to later be crowned as King George VI, father of future Queen Elizabeth II.
- Key among his legacy was when he secured a strong government during the collapse of the pound and the crisis in the Labour administration in 1931. He persuaded his cabinet, conservative, and liberal ministers to form a national coalition government.
George V Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the George V across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use George V worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about George V who was the King of Great Britain between 1910 and 1936. He ascended the throne after the sudden death of his brother Albert.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- George V Facts
- Grandpa of England
- Royal Georges
- The House of Windsor
- Monarchs of WWI
- George V and WWI
- Christmas Royal Broadcast
- English Monarchs 101
- George V’s Reign
- Monarchs and Wars
- UK Bicameral Houses
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Link will appear as George V Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, October 16, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
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