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See the fact file below for more information on the Georges Cuvier or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Georges Cuvier worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Georges Cuvier was born on August 23, 1669, in Montbéliard, County of Montbéliard, Holy Roman Empire.
- Georges Cuvier died at the age of 62 on May 13, 1832, in Paris, Kingdom of France.
- Georges Cuvier was a major figure of 19th-century science and research. He was known for La Règne Animal.
LA REGNE ANIMAL
- La Regne Animal translates to “The Animal Kingdom”.
- It was Georges Cuvier’s most famous work.
- In the book, Cuvier described the structure of the whole animal kingdom as he based it on comparative anatomy and natural history.
- Georges Cuvier’s mother was Anne Clemence Chatel.
- Georges Cuvier’s father was a retired lieutenant of the swiss army, named Jean George Cuvier.
- George Cuvier’s parents were members of the Lutheran Church.
- As a child, George Cuvier was often sick. He was physically weak and suffered from poor health.
- His mother dedicated a great amount of time to tutor him, so that he would surpass the other children once he goes to school.
DEVELOPING INTERESTS AND EDUCATION
- When Georges entered the gymnasium, he quickly excelled in learning Latin and Greek. He was also ahead in the subject of mathematics.
- Georges Cuvier developed his interest in natural history after he discovered and read a copy of Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium.
- After encountering Conrad’s book, he began to visit the home of a relative just to borrow a copy of Histoire Naturelle, a massive encyclopedia by the Comte de Buffon, a French naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist, and encyclopedist.
- He was 10 by the time he discovered Histoire Naturelle, and he read and reread it until the age of 12.
- George Cuvier remained at the gymnasium for four years.
- For four years, Cuvier attended Caroline Academy, located in Stuttgart, the capital and largest city of Baden-Württemberg.
- At Caroline Academy, Cuvier excelled in all of his coursework.
- He was exposed to the work of Abraham Gottlob Werner, a German geologist who proposed early theories of Earth’s stratification.
- Cuvier was inspired by Werner’s theory of Neptunism, as it provided him with models for his scientific theories and methods.
- His first job after graduating was as a tutor to the only son of a Protestant Noble, the son of Comte d’Héricy.
- He started in July of 1788 at a Fiquainville chateau in Normandy.
- He began his early experiments in the 1790’s, when he started to compare fossils with other species that still exist.
- He regularly attended meetings held at the town of Valmont, where agricultural topics were discussed.
- Here, he met Alexandre Tessier, whom Cuvier recognized as the author of certain articles on agriculture in the Encyclopédie Méthodique.
- His closeness with Tessier led him to a correspondence with another naturalist. Soon, he was invited to Paris.
- He arrived in Paris in the spring of 1975. Soon, Cuvier became an assistant of Jean-Claude Mertud, the chair of Animal Anatomy at the Jardin des Plantes, a botanical garden in France.
- Mertud died in 1802, and Cuvier replaced him.
- Cuvier also changed the office’s name to Chair of Comparative Anatomy.
- Cuvier lectured at the École Centrale du Pantheon beginning on April 4, 1796.
- He presented his first paper in at the National Institute. The paper was titled Mémoires sur les espèces d’éléphants vivants et fossiles.
- In Cuvier’s paper, he analyzed the skeletal remains of Indian and African elephants, mammoth fossils, and a fossil skeleton from an “Ohio animal”.
- Cuvier concluded that African and Indian elephants were different species, and mammoths were not the same species as Indian and African elephants. In fact, he concluded that mammoths were extinct.
- This was the first time that these differences were proven and explained.
- In 1806, Cuvier gave a name to the “Ohio animal”. He called it the “mastodon”.
- His second paper, written in 1796, featured an analysis of a large skeleton found in Paraguay, which he named the Megatherium. It was concluded to be another extinct species.
- His papers in 1796 became a significant landmark event in the field of paleontology and comparative anatomy.
- Cuvier was also elected as a member of the Academy of Sciences for the newly-found Institut de France in 1802.
PERSONAL DETAILS AND DEATH
- Cuvier married Madame Duvaucel in 1803. He was 33 years old at the time.
- Cuvier and Madame Duvaucel had four children. However, three of them died in childhood.
- Clémentine, their only surviving daughter, was encouraged by Cuvier to become a scientist. However, she died in 1827, at the age of 22, due to tuberculosis.
- Cuvier died from cholera at the age of 62, on May 13, 1832, in Paris. He was buried in the Cemetery of the Father.
Georges Cuvier Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Georges Cuvier across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Georges Cuvier worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Georges Cuvier who was known as the founding father of paleontology. He was a French naturalist and zoologist. Cuvier was able to reconstruct and prove that there were extinct species of animals.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Georges Cuvier Facts
- Georges’ Background
- Interests Checklist
- Related Vocabulary
- Truth or Trash
- Specimen Analysis
- French Naturalists
- Observing Organisms
- Traits To Emulate
- Curious Questions
- Life in Summary
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