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Jacqueline Lee Kennedy was the First Lady of the United States during the presidency of John F. Kennedy and was regarded then and afterward as an international icon of style and culture. Her second husband, Aristotle Onassis, was one of the wealthiest men in the world.
See the fact file below for more information on the Jacqueline Kennedy or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Jacqueline Kennedy worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION
- Jacqueline Lee Bouvier was born on July 28, 1929 in Southampton, New York. Jacqueline was the elder of two daughters of Janet Lee and John (“Black Jack”) Bouvier III, a stock speculator. Named after her father, Bouvier was baptized at the Church of St. Ignatius Loyola in Manhattan. Her sister Lee was born four years later in 1933.
- From an early age, Jacqueline was an enthusiastic equestrienne who successfully competed in the sport. She also took ballet lessons, was an avid reader, and excelled at learning languages. Bouvier could speak English, Spanish, Italian, and French.
- In 1935, Jacqueline was enrolled in Manhattan’s Chapin School, which she attended for Grades 1–7.
- She attended the Holton-Arms School in Northwest Washington, D.C. from 1942 to 1944, and Miss Porter’s School in Farmington, Connecticut, from 1944 to 1947.
- In 1947, Jacqueline entered Vassar College in Poughkeepsie, New York. Jacqueline spent her junior year (1949–1950) in France—at the University of Grenoble in Grenoble, and at the Sorbonne in Paris—in a study-abroad program through Smith College.
- Jacquelin and U.S. Representative John F. Kennedy belonged to the same social circle and were formally introduced by a mutual friend, journalist Charles L. Bartlett, at a dinner party in May 1952. Kennedy was busy running for the U.S. Senate in Massachusetts; the relationship grew more serious and he proposed to her after the November election.
- Bouvier and Kennedy were married on September 12, 1953, at St. Mary’s Church in Newport, Rhode Island, in a mass celebrated by Boston’s Archbishop Richard Cushing.
- The wedding was considered the social event of the season with an estimated 700 guests at the ceremony and 1,200 at the reception.
- In the early years of their marriage, the couple faced several personal setbacks.
- John suffered from Addison’s Disease and from chronic and at times debilitating back pain, which had been exacerbated by a war injury; in late 1954, he underwent a near-fatal spinal operation.
- Additionally, Jacqueline suffered a miscarriage in 1955 and in August 1956 gave birth to a stillborn daughter, Arabella.
- Jacqueline gave birth to daughter Caroline on November 27, 1957. At the time, she and John were campaigning for his re-election to the Senate. In November 1958, John Kennedy was re-elected to a second term. He credited Jacqueline’s visibility in both ads and stumping as vital assets in securing his victory, and he called her “simply invaluable.”
FIRST LADY OF THE UNITED STATES
- On January 3, 1960, John F. Kennedy was a United States Senator from Massachusetts when he announced his candidacy for the presidency and launched his campaign nationwide.
- On July 13, 1960 Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles, the party nominated John F. Kennedy for President of the United States.
- Jacqueline did not attend the nomination due to her pregnancy.
- Although Jacqueline stated that her priority as a First Lady was to take care of the President and their children, she also dedicated her time to the promotion of American arts and preservation of its history.
- The restoration of the White House was her main contribution, but she also furthered the cause by hosting social events that brought together elite figures from politics and the arts.
DEATH AND LEGACY
- In November 1993, Jacqueline was thrown from her horse that contributed to her deteriorating health over the next six months. She was then diagnosed with non-Hodgkins lymphoma in 1994 and died on May 19, 1994 in her New York City apartment.
- Jacqueline Kennedy remains one of the most popular First Ladies. She was featured 27 times on the annual Gallup list of the top 10 most admired people of the second half of the 20th century.
- In 2015, she was included in a list of the top ten influential U.S. First Ladies due to the admiration for her based around “her fashion sense and later after her husband’s assassination, for her poise and dignity.”
- Kennedy is seen as being customary in her role as First Lady. A wide variety of commentators have credited Kennedy with restoring the White House.
Jacqueline Kennedy Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Jacqueline Kennedy across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Jacqueline Kennedy worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Jacqueline Lee Kennedy who was the First Lady of the United States during the presidency of John F. Kennedy and was regarded then and afterward as an international icon of style and culture. Her second husband, Aristotle Onassis, was one of the wealthiest men in the world.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Jacqueline Kennedy Facts
- Events of JK
- JK’s Biography
- Balloon Pop
- Your Issue
- Profile Page
- Her Contributions
- Matchy Ladies
- Lady in White House
- Words to Essay
- Internet Search
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