Download This Sample
This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members!
To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download!
Sign Me Up
Table of Contents
Jagadish Chandra Bose was an extraordinary man of science. He was an Indian botanist, biologist, physicist, archaeologist, and polymath inventor who made significant contributions to plant science. He was also a writer of Bengali science fiction. One of his major contributions was enabling the detection of minute responses made by living organisms to external stimuli through the use of highly sensitive instruments.
See the fact file below for more information on the Jagadish Chandra Bose or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Jagadish Chandra Bose worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Jagadish Chandra Bose was born on November 20, 1858, in Bengal, India (now in Bangladesh).
- He was raised in a home that placed significant value on their Indian culture and heritage.
- Bose’s father sent him to a local Bengali school, with the intention that Bose would learn his native language before learning English.
- Throughout his life, Bose upheld this attitude of being committed to his roots.
- At 11 years of age, Bose attended the Hare School, then the St. Xavier’s School at Kolkata (known at the time as Calcutta).
- In 1875, he passed the entrance examination to the University of Calcutta and was admitted to St. Xavier’s College of the University.
- At St. Xavier’s, Bose met Jesuit Father Eugene Lafont, who played an important role in growing his interest in natural science, which directed his career.
- He obtained a bachelor’s degree from the University of Calcutta in 1879.
- He then attended Christ’s College, Cambridge University, and he graduated with a bachelor’s degree in natural science in 1884.
- Bose returned to India in 1885 and was appointed professor of physical science at Presidency College, Calcutta.
- He was the first Indian professor of physics at Presidency College.
- At the college, he experienced discrimination in that he was paid less than the other professors, primarily the British ones, and was often denied research funding and laboratory space.
- Nonetheless, Bose funded his own research and conducted pioneering experiments on electromagnetic radiation at home.
- Bose built on the previous studies of James Clerk Maxwell, Heinrich Hertz, and Oliver Lodge.
- First, he discovered wavelengths in the millimeter range, then he made a breakthrough in 1895 when he demonstrated for the first time the wireless transmission and reception of microwave signals.
- Two years later, Guglielmo Marconi made a more celebrated public demonstration of wireless telegraphy in England.
- From his research, Bose gathered that the shorter wavelengths of the microwave signals would make it easier to investigate the properties of radio waves.
- Bose invented nearly all the basic components of microwave systems to better study radio waves.
- He was also the first to use a semiconductor to detect radio waves.
- Bose suggested that there is a type of electromagnetic radiation that comes from the sun, which was confirmed in 1944.
- By 1900, Bose had developed an interest in plant physiology, particularly plants’ absorption of radiation.
- Bose was one of the first biophysicists in the world.
- To aid in his plant research, Bose invented the crescograph, an electrical device used for measuring plant growth.
- The crescograph consists of a smoked glass plate and clockwise gears.
- Using the crescograph, Bose was able to study the response of the plants to light, fertilizers, and microwaves.
- Most of Bose’s plant research was focused on Mimosa pudica and Desmodium gyrans plants.
- Bose was able to demonstrate that the plants’ response to various stimuli was electrical in nature, contrary to earlier belief that it was chemical.
- He demonstrated that plant tissues produce electric responses just like in animals.
- His further research included the response of various metals and plants to mechanical, electrical, chemical, and thermal stimuli and noted fatigue in both metals and plants.
- In 1917, Bose left his professorship at Presidency College and founded the Bose Institute in Calcutta, India, where he was director for twenty years until his death.
- At first, the institute was mainly devoted to the study of plants.
- At present, Bose Institute is a public research institute of India.
- In his inaugural address on November 30, 1917, Bose said the following about the institute: I dedicate today this Institute—not merely a Laboratory but a Temple. The power of physical methods applies to the establishment of that truth which can be realised directly through our senses, or through the vast expansion of the perceptive range by means of artificially created organs.
PERSONAL LIFE & LEGACY
- In 1917, he was knighted for his achievements. Then, in 1920, he was elected to fellowship in the Royal Society.
- He married Abala Bose, a social worker and feminist, in 1887.
- In 1896, Bose took some time to write what would be one of the first works of Bengali science fiction.
- Bose wrote two books: Response in the Living and Non-living (1902) and The Nervous Mechanism of Plants (1926).
- Bose died a week before his 79th birthday in November 1937, in Giridih, India.
Jagadish Chandra Bose Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Jagadish Chandra Bose across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Jagadish Chandra Bose worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Jagadish Chandra Bose who was an extraordinary man of science. He was an Indian botanist, biologist, physicist, archaeologist, and polymath inventor who made significant contributions to plant science. He was also a writer of Bengali science fiction. One of his major contributions was enabling the detection of minute responses made by living organisms to external stimuli through the use of highly sensitive instruments.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Jagadish Chandra Bose Facts
- Childhood Reflection
- Truth Planting
- Bose’s Biography
- Jagadish of All Trades
- Achievement Checklist
- Invention Sketch
- Garland of Victory
- A Letter to a Friend
- Great Minds of India
- A Letter to Mr. Bose
Link/cite this page
If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source.
Link will appear as Jagadish Chandra Bose Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 30, 2021
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.