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Table of Contents
See the fact file below for more information on John Milton or alternatively, you can download our 22 page John Milton worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Early Life and Family
- John Milton was born on December 9, 1608, in London, England, to John Milton and Sarah Jeffrey. His father was a composer and a devout Catholic.
- Young John attended St. Paul’s School and Christ’s College in Cambridge. While in Cambridge, he befriended Edward King and Roger Williams. In 1629, he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree and by 1632, he obtained his Master of Arts degree.
- During his lifetime, Milton learned to speak Latin, Greek, Italian, Hebrew, Spanish and French.
- In 1632, upon graduation, Milton went home to Buckinghamshire and spent years studying privately. By 1638, he travelled to France and Italy where he likely met Galileo. During his travels, Milton gained religious learning.
- In 1642, he married Mary Powell, with whom he had four children. Powell died in 1652 and by 1656 Milton married Katherine Woodcock, who died in 1658. Milton married this third wife Elizabeth Minshull in 1663.
John Milton’s Political and Literary Career
- At the time of Milton’s return to England, he faced political unrest and civil wars. He was a known Puritan who opposed the Church of England. When the war between Puritan Roundheads and the Royalists supporters of Charles I broke out, Milton wrote pamphlets supporting Oliver Cromwell.
- After the execution of Charles I, Milton was appointed as Secretary of Foreign Tongues by the Council of State. During those time, Cromwell’s Commonwealth was highly criticized.
- In order to defend Cromwell, Milton wrote Eikonoklastes and Defensio pro populo Anglicano.
- During his separation with Mary, Milton wrote The Divorce Tracts, a series of publications supporting the idea of divorce.
- In 1659, after the death of Cromwell, Milton was imprisoned for his contributions to the fall of Charles I and support of Cromwell’s Commonwealth. After a few months, he was released and in 1660 the monarchy was reestablished with King Charles II.
- After his release, Milton completely lost his eyesight. In 1667, he published Lost Paradise in 10 volumes. It was a free-verse poem depicting the story of Adam and Eve after they were tempted by Satan and expelled from the Garden of Eden. It consists of over ten thousand lines. By 1674, a new edition with twelve books was published.
- Four years later, Paradise Regained was published. It was a sequel to Paradise Lost where Jesus overcomes Satan. In addition, he also published Samson Agonistes, showing how Samson succumbed to temptation and redeemed himself.
Death and Legacy
- Later in his life, Milton wrote textbooks like the Art of Logic and A History of Britain. He spent most of his retirement years in his cottage in Chalfont St. Giles.
- On November 8, 1674, John Milton died of kidney failure. His body was interred in the church at St. Giles Cripplegate, Fore Street, in London.
- In 1737, a memorial was dedicated to him at the Poets’ Corner in Westminster Abbey.
- Among his famous works are On the Morning of Christ’s Nativity (1629), On Shakespeare (1632), Comus (1634), Lycidas (1637), Of Reformation (1640), The Reason for Church Government (1642), and Areopagitica (1644).
John Milton Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about English poet John Milton across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use John Milton worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about John Milton who was an English poet and pamphleteer most famous for his epic poem Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- John Milton Facts
- Milton the Divorcer
- Greatest English Poets
- English Civil War
- Poets’ Corner
- Paradise Lost
- Biblical Figure
- Milton Infogram
- Samson Agonistes
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Link will appear as John Milton Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, March 29, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
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