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- George Gordon Noel Byron was born on January 22, 1788, in London, England. He was the 6th Baron Byron of London’s aristocratic family. At a young age, he was taken by his mother, Catherine Gordon, to Aberdeen, Scotland.
- By the age of 10, young George inherited his great-uncle William’s title, and was known as Lord Byron.
- In 1800, he attended Harrow School in London. By 1803, Lord Byron found romantic inspiration through his distant cousin, Mary Chaworth. He expressed his feelings and passion through his poems, Hills of Annesley and The Adieu.
- Mary Chaworth, older and already engaged to another man, rejected the affection of Lord Byron. Mary became the epitome of Lord Byron’s idealized and unattainable love.
- In 1805, Lord Byron attended Trinity College. While staying at the college, he indulged in several vices and fell into debt. One of his writings at the time included his great love and passion for a young boy named John Edleston.
Lord Byron’s Travels and Writings
- By the summer of 1806, Lord Byron returned to Southwell and gathered his poems. He privately printed his first volume of poems entitled, Fugitive Pieces.
- In 1807, Lord Byron joined the Cambridge Whig Club after his friendship with John Cam Hobhouse. That same year, he published Hours of Idleness.
- He released his satirical poem, English Bards and Scotch Reviewer, which gained literary recognition for the first time.
- At the age of 21, Lord Byron took his seat at the House of Lords.
- Together with Hobhouse, Lord Byron travelled the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas. They visited Spain, Malta, Greece, Turkey, Portugal and Albania. He started working on Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage during his stay in Greece. It was a poem depicting a young man’s travels in foreign lands. Greece left a liberating impression on Lord Byron. He admired the openness of Greek culture compared to reserved English sensibilities.
- In July 1811, he returned to London after the death of his mother.
- Lord Byron delivered his first speech at the House of Lords in 1812. He opposed the harsh Troy unit of measurement imposed on weavers in Nottingham.
- By March of the same year, John Murray published the first two cantos of Lord Byron’s Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage.
- He was connected in a series of love affairs including Lady Caroline Lamb and Lady Oxford. By the summer of 1813, Lord Byron had an intimate relationship with his half-sister, Augusta, who was married to Colonel George Leigh. To divert his improper feelings, he indulged himself with flirtation with Lady Frances Webster. These love affairs were depicted in the gloomy, remorseful, and dark poems of Lord Byron, The Giaour, The Bride of Abydos, The Corsair, and Lara.
- To escape further scandalous affairs, Lord Byron married Anne Isabella Milbanke in January 1815. Later that year, Anne gave birth to a daughter, Augusta Ada, also known as Ada Lovelace.
- After a year of marriage, Anne Isabella left Lord Byron because of the suspected affair between him and his half-sister, and his alleged bisexuality.
- In April 1816, after the legal separation, Lord Byron left England and never returned.
- Lord Byron travelled to Geneva, Switzerland, and became acquainted with Percy Shelley and Mary Godwin. While in Geneva, Lord Byron wrote the third canto of Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage. He also had an affair with Mary’s step-sister, Claire Clairmont, with whom he had a daughter, Allegra.
- During his visit to the Bernese Oberland, Lord Byron wrote his poetic drama, Manfred. The Faustian poetic drama was a depiction of Lord Byron’s guilt and frustrations.
- In October 1817, Lord Byron and Hobhouse departed for Italy while the Shelleys went to England. While staying in Venice, Lord Byron enjoyed the calmness of Italian customs and morals. He also had an affair with his landlord’s wife, Marianna Segati. By 1818, he finished the fourth canto of his Pilgrimage poem.
In addition, he wrote Beppo while staying in Venice. The poem showed the contrasting manners of Italian and English people. Margarita Cogni, a baker’s wife, became his mistress.
- At the age of 30, Lord Byron, met Teresa Guiccioli, a married countess. They had an affair until Teresa separated from her husband. Lord Byron won the favor of Teresa’s father and he was initiated as a member of Carbonari, a secret society aiming to free Italy from Austrian rule.
- By July 1819, a few cantos from his epic satire, Don Juan, were published. The first two cantos of Don Juan showed the life of an innocent young man as he traversed slavery in Constantinople until he won the favor of Russia’s Catherine the Great.
- After 16 cantos, Don Juan remained unfinished.
- In 1823, Lord Byron supported the battle for Greek Independence against the Ottoman Empire. He spent a fortune refitting the Greek naval fleet.
- From 1821 to 1822, he edited the Carbonari newspaper, The Liberal.
Death and Legacy
- On April 19, 1824, Lord Byron died of illness at the age of 34. He was regarded as a hero in Greece. Although it was English custom to burying men of great stature in Westminster Abbey, clergies in England refused. Instead, his remains were buried in a family vault near Newstead. In 1969, a memorial for Lord Byron was finally placed on the floor of the abbey.
- His famous works include The Curse of Minerva, She Walks in Beauty, and When We Two Parted.
- Lord Byron was considered one of the most controversial yet leading figures of the Romantic movement in Europe.
Lord Byron Worksheets
This bundle includes 11 ready-to-use Lord Byron worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about George Gordon Noel Byron, 6th Baron Byron, who was among the prominent English Romantic poets, along with John Keats and Percy Shelley.
This download includes the following worksheets:
- Lord Byron Facts
- The Life of George Gordon
- English Romantics
- Lord Byron’s Travels
- Women and Controversies
- Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage
- Byron’s Manfred
- Forms of Poetry
- Politics and Poetry
- Through Images
- Traveller’s Poem
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Link will appear as Lord Byron Facts, Worksheets & Poetry: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, February 15, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
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