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Louis Braille was a French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for people with visual impairments. This system is called Braille and is still used today.
See the fact file below for more information on Louis Braille or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Louis Braille worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
Early Years of Life
- Louis Braille was born in Coupvray, Paris, France, on January 4, 1809. His parents were Simon-Rene and Monique Braille who had a successful leather enterprise and were makers of horse tack.
- At age three, Louis Braille spent time playing in his father’s workshop where he had an accident that severely wounded his eyes. Due to sympathetic ophthalmia, he became completely blind at the age of five.
- Louis earned praise from his teachers and priests and was accommodated with higher education. He became a notable musician and an excellent organist. In the year 1819, he was accepted with a scholarship and attended the Royal Institute for the blind, later renamed the National Institute for Blind Youth in Paris – the first school for blind children in the world.
Education and Hauy System
- The students at the National Institute for Blind Youth were taught how to read through a devised system called the Hauy System, named after the school’s founder, Valentin Hauy. The founder, who had normal vision, was a philanthropist devoted to helping people with blindness. The Hauy system was designed and manufactured using a technique of embossing heavy paper with raised imprints of Latin letters.
- Louis became interested in the communication system developed by retired Captain Charles Barbier of the French Army, where coded dots embossed on cardboard symbolized phonetic sounds. He later adapted the system and combined it with musical notations. And finally, in the year 1829, he published a treatise on his type system and in 1837 published a three-volume Braille edition of a popular history schoolbook.
- With the publication of the Braille system, the public were skeptical about using it, so people with blindness had to study this system on their own, even in the school Louis taught at.
- At age 40, Louis Braille started experiencing persistent respiratory illness and in the year 1852, at the age of 43, he died of tuberculosis. Two years later, through the overwhelming insistence of students with blindness, the Braille system was implemented in the National Institute for Blind Youth.
- A century after his death, his remains, except for his hands which were kept in his birthplace, were moved to Paris for burial in the Pantheon.
- His childhood home in Coupvray was listed as a historic building and named the Louis Braille Museum. A large monument was also erected in this town square – Braille Square.
- There were commemorative postage stamps worldwide to honor his legacy and, in 1992, the 9969 Braille asteroid was named after him.
- Encyclopedia Britannica listed him among the 100 Most Influential Inventors of All Time.
- World Braille Day is celebrated annually on January 4, honoring Louis Braille’s birthday. He would have been 209 years old in 2018. World Braille Day promotes awareness about the challenges faced by people with visual impairments.
- Louis Braille and his siblings were named after kings and queens of France.
- At the age of 15, he combined his knowledge of Hauy and Barbier’s systems and created his own in the year 1824.
- He became a teacher at the same school where he had received his education.
- The Braille system was extended to mathematics and music, creating symbols for both areas.
- He died at the school in Paris, two days after his 43rd birthday. His brother hired a horse and cart to transport the body back to Coupvray.
- On June 20, 1952, his remains were disinterred at Coupvray and taken to Paris to be deposited with honor in the Pantheon. The bones of his hands were separated, however, and kept in a concrete box on top of his empty tomb at Coupvray.
- His burial ceremony in Paris was attended by the President of the Republic, Vincent Auriol, and by blind people and delegations from more than 20 countries.
- The Braille system was approved only after his death.
Louis Braille Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Louis Braille across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Louis Braille worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Louis Braille who was a French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for people with visual impairments. This system is called Braille and is still used today.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Louis Braille Facts
- His Timeline
- His Legacy
- Six Dots
- The Six-dotted System
- Decoding Messages I
- Decoding Messages II
- The Death Effect I
- The Death Effect II
- My Invention I
- My Invention II
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Link will appear as Louis Braille Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, July 18, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.