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Mohandas Gandhi, or Mahatma Gandhi, was a political leader who fought for India’s independence through non-violent civil disobedience. He continued to work towards peace among Hindus and Muslims but was shot dead in Delhi in 1948.
See the fact file below for more interesting Mohandas Gandhi facts or alternatively you can download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India. His father was a dewan, or chief minister, while his mother was a devout believer of Vaishnavism.
- In 1888, at the age of 19, Gandhi travelled to London to study law at the Inner Temple. He joined the committee of the London Vegetarian Society where he followed a meatless diet. In addition to this, Gandhi also started to read about and study world religions.
- In 1891 Gandhi went back to Bombay to practice law. Soon after his return he accepted a job in a law firm and was sent to South Africa. Together with his wife and children, Gandhi spent almost 20 years of his life in South Africa.
- As an immigrant in Africa, Gandhi experienced discrimination from Europeans. He was beaten and thrown out of a first-class railway cabin when he refused to give his seat to a European passenger. This event was a turning point for Gandhi.
Gandhi’s Career, Activism, and Death:
- In 1906, after the passage of the registration for the Indian population in South Africa, Gandhi led hundreds of Indians living in South Africa in a walk of civil disobedience or passive resistance.
- By 1913, hundreds of Indians in South Africa had been imprisoned and shot. After negotiations, supported by the British and Indian governments, the South African government conceded into recognizing Indian marriages and removed the existing poll tax for Indians.
- In 1914 Gandhi left South Africa for India. He became a supporter of the British government during World War I and after a year he formed an ashram that was open to all castes.
- As he established an ashram in Ahmedabad, India, Gandhi started to live in austerity and practiced fasting, meditation and prayer. He became known as “Mahatma”, a Sanskrit term for the “great soul”. Gandhi wore a loincloth and shawl.
- By 1920, he became the leading figure of movements for India’s independence.
- As part of his non-violent protest through civil disobedience, Gandhi led the boycott of British goods. He supported the manufacture of khaddar to replace British textiles. Furthermore, he also condemned British influences on institutions such as the legislature and education.
- In March 1922, he was arrested by British authority and sentenced to six years of imprisonment. After two years, he was released due to appendicitis.
- After several silent years Gandhi led another civil disobedience protest against the colonial government’s taxation of salt that hugely affected the lowest class of Indian society. After a year, the British government conceded and agreed to give Gandhi representation at the Round Table Conference in London.
- In 1932, he began to protest through hunger strikes when the British government started to segregate India’s untouchables. Gandhi called the lowest class of the caste system Harijans or children of God. Due to public dismay and outcry, the government amended the proposal.
- By 1934, Gandhi announced his retirement from the Congress Party. He was only drawn back to protest during the outbreak of World War II.
- In 1947, negotiations between the British government, Congress Party and Muslim League began. As a result, Britain gave India its independence later that year.
- Gandhi opposed the partition of the country into two dominions: India and Pakistan. He hoped for peace between Hindus and Muslims. In order to subdue the massive riot, Gandhi protested through hunger strikes.
- On January 30, 1948, after 12 days of fasting, Gandhi was shot dead by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic, while he was on his way to an evening prayer meeting in Delhi. The next day, millions of people followed the procession to the banks of the Jumna River as he was cremated.
Mohandas Gandhi Worksheets
This bundle includes 11 ready-to-use Mohandas Gandhi worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about Mohandas Gandhi, or Mahatma Gandhi, who was a political leader who fought for India’s independence through non-violent civil disobedience. He continued to work towards peace among Hindus and Muslims but was shot dead in Delhi in 1948.
This download includes the following worksheets:
- Mohandas Gandhi Facts
- The Great-Souled One
- Identifying India
- That’s Gandhi!
- Indian Caste System
- Forms of Discrimination
- Sequencing Train
- Civil Disobedience
- World Religions
- Prayer, Meditation and Fasting
- Death of Gandhi
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Link will appear as Mahatma Gandhi Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 4, 2018
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