Black History Facts

Martin Luther King Facts

Martin Luther King was an American pastor, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement who is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights and his "I have a dream" speech. For more information on this influential historical figure, see the fact file below.

Name
Martin Luther King, Jr.

Date of Birth
January 15, 1929

Date of Death
King was assassinated on April 4, 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee.

Place of Birth
Atlanta, Georgia

Birth Family
Rev. Martin Luther Kings, Sr. and Alberta Williams King.

Marriage/Spouse
Coretta Scott

Children
4 children
Yolanda, Martin Luther III, Dexter and Bernice Albertine.

Education
King attended Booker T. Washington High School. He skipped ninth and twelfth grade,
and enter Morehouse College at age 15 without formally graduating from high school.
In 1948, her graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in sociology and enrolled in
Crozer Theological Seminary. He grated with a Bachelor of divinity degree in 1951.

Career
clergyman

Reason for Fame
King was also an activist and prominent leader in the
African-American civil rights movement.

Additional Information
King won the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize and in 1965 King was awarded the
American Liberties Medallion by the American Jewish Committee.
He was awarded at least fifty honorary degrees from colleges and universities
in the U.S. and elsewhere. In 1971, King was posthumousluy awarded the
Grammay Award for Best Spoken World Album for his
“Why I Oppose the War in Vietnam”. Six years later,
the Presidential Medal of Freedom was award to King by Jimmy Carer.
King and his wife were also awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 2004.