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Anne was the Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Her coronation took place on April 23, 1702, and she reigned until her death on August 1, 1714. She was the last of the Stuart Monarchs, and she is known for pulling off the union of England and Scotland in 1707.
See the fact file below for more information on the Queen Anne or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Queen Anne worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
EARLY LIFE AND BACKGROUND
- Anne was born on February 6, 1665, in St. James’s Palace, Westminster, England.
- She was born as the fourth child and second daughter of the Duke of York, who became King James II/VII, and Anne Hyde.
- James II/VII, Anne’s father, was the younger brother of King Charles II, who was the ruler of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
- Anne Hyde, Anne’s mother, was the daughter of Lord Chancellor Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon.
- Her older sister, Mary, and the Archbishop of Canterbury, Gilbert Sheldon, were Anne’s godparents. They had attended her Anglican baptism in Chapel Royal at St. James’s.
- Out of a total of eight children, Anne and Mary were the only offspring of the Duke and Duchess of York who survived into adulthood.
- Anne suffered from “defluxion” as a child. This is a condition that causes excessive watering of the eyes.
- She went to France to receive medical treatment, and she lived there with her paternal grandmother, Henrietta Maria of France, at the Château de Colombes de Paris.
- Henrietta Maria of France died in 1669. This caused Anne to live with her aunt, Henrietta Anne, Duchess of Orleáns.
- Unfortunately, Anne’s aunt died in 1670, and this forced her to return to England. In 1671, Anne’s mother died.
- Along with this unfortunate turn of events, the royal family tradition resulted in Anne and Mary being raised separate from their father.
- They moved into their own establishment in Richmond, London.
- Anne and Mary were raised as protestants in accordance with the order of King Charles II.
- In Richmond, Anne and Mary were taken care of by Colonel Edward and Lady Frances Villiers.
- Anne received an education mostly focused on the teachings of the Anglican church.
- The Bishop of London, Henry Compton, was Anne’s appointed preceptor or tutor.
- Anne made the acquaintance of Sarah Jennings around 1671.
- Jennings later became Anne’s close friend and one of her most influential advisers.
- Mary and Anne’s father, the Duke of York, married again in 1763.
- He was married to a Catholic princess, Mary of Modena. He, of course, converted to Catholicism, as well.
- Mary of Modena was only six and a half years older than Anne.
- She and the Duke of York would eventually bear 10 children. However, all of them were either stillborn or died in infancy.
- As a result, Mary and Anne were left as second and third in the line of succession after the Duke of York.
- Mary was married to William III of Orange in 1677, but Anne was not able to attend, as she was confined due to smallpox.
- Mary had already left for the Netherlands by the time Anne recovered.
- Meanwhile, Anne’s former governess had contracted smallpox, as well, and died.
- Lady Henrietta Hyde, Anne’s Aunt, was the new appointed governess.
- The Duke and Duchess of York retired to Brussels in March 1679, amidst the Popish Plot that caused an anti-Catholic hysteria.
- Anne visited them at the end of August.
- Anne joined the Duke and Duchess at Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh from July 1681 until May 1862.
- George of Hanover visited her for three months, starting in December 1680. For a while, it was rumored that a potential wedding would take place. However, he was dismissed from court.
- King Charles looked for a potential suitor for Anne who was also acceptable for Louis XIV of France, Charles’s ally.
- Soon, a marriage treaty between Anne and Prince George of Denmark, younger brother of King Christian V, was negotiated by Laurence Hyde, Anne’s uncle.
- Anne and Prince George of Denmark wed on July 28, 1683, in the Chapel Royal.
- The only child who survived infancy was Prince William, Duke of Gloucester, who was born on July 24, 1689.
THE QUEEN’S REIGN
- Anne became Queen on March 8, 1702, upon the death of King William III.
- Anne became immediately popular.
- Her husband was appointed as Lord High Admiral soon after her accession, which gave him control of the Royal Navy.
- Lord Marlborough was appointed as Captain-General.
- Lord Marlborough also received multiple honors from the Queen.
- He was granted the title of Knight of the Garter and was promoted to the rank of duke.
- Queen Anne’s official coronation took place on St. George’s Day, on April 23, 1702
- Queen Anne died on August 1, 1714. due to her gradually declining health.
- She was buried on August 24, 1714, beside her husband and children in the Henry VII Chapel on the South Aisle of Westminster Abbey.
Queen Anne Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Queen Anne across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Queen Anne worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Anne who was the Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Her coronation took place on April 23, 1702, and she reigned until her death on August 1, 1714. She was the last of the Stuart Monarchs, and she is known for pulling off the union of England and Scotland in 1707.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Queen Anne Facts
- About Anne
- People in Anne’s Life
- Word Association
- Modified True or False
- Monarchs Before and After
- Ups and Downs
- The Union
- Quotes from the Queen
- A Queen’s Best Traits
- Letter to Queen Anne
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Link will appear as Queen Anne Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 16, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.