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Table of Contents
Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf created the architecture for the Internet and collaborated on the design of software known as the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, or TCP/IP that implements the architecture.
See the fact file below for more information on Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf or alternatively, you can download our 22-page Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
ROBERT E. KAHN
- Robert Elliot Kahn was born in a Jewish family on December 23, 1938, in New York, to parents Beatrice Pauline and Lawrence Kahn.
- He received a B.E.E. degree in electrical engineering from the City College of New York in 1960. Kahn then went on to Princeton University. Dr. Kahn earned his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Princeton University in 1962 and 1964, respectively.
- He became part of the technical staff at Bell Laboratories and then became an Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering at MIT.
- He took a leave of absence from MIT to join Bolt Beranek and Newman to pioneer the system design of the Arpanet, the first packet-switched network.
- In 1972, he moved to the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and became the director of its Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO).
- While he was Director of IPTO, Dr. Kahn commenced the American government’s Strategic Computing Program, the largest computer research and development program ever undertaken by the federal government. He conceived the idea of open-architecture networking.
- He is a co-inventor of the TCP/IP protocols, along with Dr. Vinton Cerf. He also got DARPA’s Internet Program underway.
- Kahn also created the term National Information Infrastructure (NII) in the mid 1980s, which was later known as the Information Superhighway.
- He founded the Corporation for National Research Initiatives (CNRI) in 1986 after working at DARPA for 13 years. He was the Chairman, CEO, and President of CNRI.
- This not-for-profit organization aims to provide leadership and funding for research and development of the National Information Infrastructure.
- He is also the co-inventor of Knowbot programs, which are mobile software agents in the network environment.
VINTON G. CERF
- Vinton Gray Cerf was born on June 23, 1943, in New Haven, Connecticut. He was the son of Muriel and Vinton Thurston Cerf.
- While in high school, he worked on the Apollo program at Rocketdyne. He also helped write statistical analysis software for the non-destructive tests of the F-1 rocket engines.
- Vinton Cerf received a Bachelor’s of Science degree in mathematics from Stanford University. After school, he worked at IBM as a systems engineer supporting QUIKTRAN for two years.
- He then left IBM to expand his education. Cerf earned his M.S. degree in 1970 and his Ph.D. in 1972 at UCLA.
- Cerf was an assistant professor at Stanford University when he conducted research on packet network interconnection protocols and co-designed the DoD TCP/IP protocol suite with Robert Kahn.
- Cerf then worked at DARPA, after which he moved to MCI to help develop the first commercial email system (MCI Mail) that was connected to the Internet.
- During his tenure with DARPA, Vint played a key role in leading the development of Internet and Internet-related data packet and security technologies.
- Together with Kahn, they lobbied the privatization, leadership in education, policy, and standards related to the Internet.
- Under the Obama administration, Cerf served on the National Science Board until May 2018.
- In 1997, President Clinton recognized Cerf and Kahn’s work with the U.S. National Medal of Technology. Then, in 2005, both received the highest civilian honor bestowed in the U.S. – the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
- They were honored for their work on the software code used to transmit data across the Internet, which put them “at the forefront of a digital revolution that has transformed global commerce, communication, and entertainment.”
- Cerf has worked for Google as a Vice President and Chief Internet Evangelist and is also working on the Interplanetary Internet, together with NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and other NASA laboratories.
- His concern now is about the risks of digital obsolescence, the potential of losing much historic information about our time – a digital “dark age” or “black hole” – given the universal digital storage of text, data, images, music, and more.
TRANSMISSION CONTROL PROTOCOL (TCP)
- TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) defines how to establish and maintain a network conversation through which application programs can exchange data.
- TCP works with the Internet Protocol (IP), which defines how computers send packets of data to each other.
- Simply defined, TCP/IP allows one computer to talk to another computer via the Internet through compiling packets of data and sending them to the right location.
- When a program wants to send a lot of data, TCP is in charge of dividing the data, sending it through the network, and putting it back together correctly on a different computer.
- If there are a lot of people using the network, it can get overloaded.
Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf who created the architecture for the Internet and collaborated on the design of software known as the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, or TCP/IP that implements the architecture.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Robert Kahn & Vinton Cerf Facts
- Understanding TCP
- Message Received
- Old Generation Computers
- The Digital World
- Into the Internet
- Becoming a Pro
- Advantages & Disadvantages
- Digital Black Hole
- The Future
- Word Play
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