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The Olympians are a group of 12 gods who ruled after the overthrow of the Titans. All the Olympians are related in some way. They are named after their dwelling place, Mount Olympus. The Romans and the Greeks shared the same stories, but they used different names. Below is a table of the 12 gods and descriptions of the Gods. These differ between the Greeks & The Romans.
Want to know more about the Roman Gods? Read on to find out!
- The Ancient Romans believed in Gods, and there was usually a God for everything in their life.
- Many Ancient Romans had shrines in their homes to worship Gods.
- In the beginning, Gods were faceless, formless, and powerful.
- Ancient Romans all believed that the Gods were divine, meaning they had special Godly powers.
- The Ancient Romans were very religious, and believed their success was due to their strong belief in the Gods, and what the Gods would do for them in return.
- The Ancient Romans believed that if you maintained a good relationship with the Gods, they would be kind to you.
- There were correct ways to practise prayer in Ancient Rome.
- The Roman Calendar was built around religious observances.
- Early Roman mythology says that Rome was founded by two twin Gods – Romulus and Remus.
- Romulus and Remus were raised by a she-wolf.
- When they were older, both Romulus and Remus wanted to form a new city, but couldn’t agree on where it should be formed.
- They fought over where the new city should be formed, and in the end, Romulus ended up killing Remus.
- This is how the city of Rome was founded in 753 BC.
- There were 12 major Gods that the Romans worshipped.
The 12 Roman Gods were:
Jupiter, Juno, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Venus, Apollo, Diana, Minerva, Ceres, Vulcan, and Vesta.
|Jupiter||King of the Gods, and god of thunder and lightning|
|Juno||Wife of Jupiter; goddess of women and fertility|
|Mars||Son of Jupiter and Juno; god of war|
|Mercury||God of travelers and tradesmen|
|Neptune||Brother of Jupiter; god of the sea|
|Venus||Goddess of love and beauty|
|Apollo||God of music, archery, healing, poetry and truth|
|Diana||Goddess of hunting, archery, and animals|
|Minerva||Goddess of wisdom, learning, arts, and industry|
|Ceres||Goddess of agriculture, harvest, and the seasons|
|Vulcan||God of blacksmiths and volcanoes|
|Vesta||Sister of Jupiter; goddess of hearth and home|
- Jupiter held thunderbolts in his hands, which he could throw from the sky.
- Juno’s symbols were a pomegranate and a peacock.
- Mars was the strongest and more fearsome God, next to his father Jupiter.
- The symbol for Minerva was an owl.
- As God of the sea, Neptune carried around a trident.
- Ceres was always depicted as carrying around a bundle of grain, as this represented the harvest and agriculture.
- The word “volcano” comes from the god Vulcan, as he represented volcanoes and blacksmiths. It was known that if he became too angered, volcanoes would erupt.
- Diana’s symbols included the moon, the snake, and the bow and arrow.
- Mercury was the messenger of the gods. The wings on his helmet and sandals allowed him to move very quickly to wherever a god might send him. He was reliable and could be counted on to deliver messages.
- As the goddess of hearth and home, Vesta kept a flame burning in her temple to represent the “hearth of Rome”.
- The home was very important to the Ancient Romans.
- Jupiter’s father was Saturn. When Saturn died, Jupiter and his two brothers, Neptune and Pluto, divided the world evenly amongst themselves to rule.
- Jupiter took the heavens, Neptune took the sea, and Pluto took the underworld, and they were all happy with their choices.
- Although Jupiter’s wife, Juno, ruled over all women in Rome, she especially watched over married Roman women.
- March 1st was the day when the Ancient Romans would honor Juno.
- It is said that Mars was tall and handsome, but very mean. Apparently, he didn’t care who won or lost a battle because all he cared about was seeing bloodshed and battle.
- Despite the Gods not really liking Mars, mortal men worshipped him and often prayed that he would fight alongside them.
- Apollo and Diana were twins.
- Neptune had flowing green hair and deep blue eyes like the sea. He was full of energy, but had a bad temper!
- Pluto was not the God of death, and he wasn’t lonely in the underworld.
- Mercury could fly faster than any of the other Gods. He was very popular, and people trusted him. He was a good negotiator, too.
- Minerva was born from Jupiter’s brain, and didn’t have a mother.
- When the emperors of Rome died, they were given God-like status, which made leaders of Rome become more powerful.
- Bad emperors were not given God-like status, like Nero and Tiberius.
- Since Christians only believed in 1 God, and the Romans believed in many Gods, Christians were often killed by the Romans.
Other Roman Gods included:
|Pluto||Another brother of Jupiter; god of the underworld|
|Bacchus||God of wine and civilization and law|
|Hercules||Another son of Jupiter with a mortal mother; he was half God, half human|
|Cupid||Son of Venus; carried a bow and arrow and shot people to make them fall in love|
|Pegasus||A winged horse who could fly|
|Orpheus||Son of Apollo and Calliope; the most famous musician in the ancient world|
|Pandora||Created by Vulcan; the first woman made from clay|
|Cerberus||A 3-headed dog that guarded the underworld|
Roman Gods Vs Greek God Names
|Roman name of God||Greek name of God||Description|
|Jupiter||Zeus||He was the master of the gods and the main god of the
Romans. In his hand he held thunderbolts which he could hurl from the sky.
|Juno||Hera||She was the wife of Jupiter, the goddess of women and fertility. Her symbols were a pomegranate and a peacock.|
|Mars||Ares||He was the god of war, the strongest and most fearsome god, except for Jupiter.|
|Venus||Aphrodite||She was the goddess of love and beauty.|
|Minerva||Athene||She was the goddess of wisdom, learning, art crafts and industry. Her symbol was the owl.|
|Neptune||Poseidon||He was the powerful god of the sea. His symbol was the trident.|
|Ceres||Demeter||She was the goddess of the harvest, always depicted carrying a bundle of grain.|
|Vulcan||Hephaistos||He was the blacksmith of the gods and a god of the underworld. If he stoked his furness too hard volcanos
might erupt. He was the god of blacksmiths and volcano
|Diana||Artemis||She was the goddess of hunting and a goddess of the moon.|
|Mercury||Hermes||He was the messenger of the gods. the wings on his helmet and sandals allowed him to travel very quickly to
wherever a god might send him. He was the god of travellers and tradesmen.
|Vesta||Hestea||She was the goddess of the heart and home and was very important to Romans. In her temple a flame was always kept burning as in the ‘hearth of Rome’.|
|Apollo||Apollo||God of music, healing, light, and truth. He moved the sun across the sky|
Roman Gods Worksheets
This bundle contains 10 ready-to-use Roman Gods Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the Olympians which are a group of 12 gods who ruled after the overthrow of the Titans. All the Olympians are related in some way. They are named after their dwelling place, Mount Olympus.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Roman Gods Facts.
- My Favorite Roman God.
- Roman Gods Wordsearch.
- Fill in the Blanks.
- Guess the God.
- Roman Gods Crossword.
- True or False.
- Roman Gods Unscrambling.
- Roman Gods Poster.
- Map of Ideas.
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Link will appear as Roman Gods Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 7, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.