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See the fact file below for more information on Sir Francis or alternatively, you can download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, Devon, England, sometime between 1540 and 1544.
- His parents were Edmund Drake, a farmer at the estate of Lord Francis Russell and Mary Mylwaye. Young Francis grew up near the sea. At a young age, he worked under a merchant who traded goods between England and France.
- He was the cousin of John Hawkins and distant relative of Sir Walter Raleigh. By the 1560s, Drake set sail on his first expedition with John Hawkins. With a small fleet, he commanded the ship Judith and sailed to Africa as illegal slave traders.
- As part of the transatlantic slave trade, Drake transported slaves from Africa to the West Indies. This act was forbidden by the Spanish authorities. In 1568, the fleet of Drake was trapped in the port of San Juan de Ulua as ordered by the Spanish viceroy. They were attacked by Spanish warships and destroyed most of the fleet. Drake was able to escape.
- Upon his return from the New World, Drake became a privateer raiding Spanish cargo ships. The Spaniards considered him a pirate.
- Over the next few years, Drake gained ample gold and silver from attacking Spanish towns. His actions were recognized by Queen Elizabeth I and she gave him a fleet to raid Spanish towns in South America and obtain any property of King Philip of Spain.
- Queen Elizabeth I ruled England for 44 years. She was the daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn.
- On November 15, 1577, Drake and his fleet left England. He captained the largest ship named the Pelican that was later known as the Golden Hind. They travelled across the Atlantic crossing the Strait of Magellan reaching the Pacific until they set foot on the coast of Peru.
- Drake ransacked every town in Peru and captured the Spanish ship Cacafuego. After three years of sailing, he returned to England full of treasures for the queen. She knighted him Sir Francis Drake in 1581.
- Drake’s expedition was the second in history to circumnavigate the globe.
- Between 1585 and 1586, England’s relationship with Spain grew worse. King Philip II of Spain organized a fleet known as the Spanish armada to conquer England. The armada was thought to be invincible because Spain was leading navigation during those times.
- In 1588, Queen Elizabeth I appointed Drake as the vice admiral of the English Navy. On July 21, over a hundred Spanish ships entered the English Channel. Drake and admiral Charles Howard knew they had little chance of winning the odds. They fired at ships across the Spanish fleet and caused a little damage.
- Luckily, a devastating storm hit the Spanish Armada and destroyed more than half of the fleet. England became the most powerful navy in the world after the defeat of Spain.
- After a year, Drake was called by the queen to destroy the remaining ships of the Spanish armada. They also supported the rebels in Lisbon against the Spanish authorities.
- He returned home and became the mayor of Plymouth.
- By 1595, the queen commissioned Drake and his cousins to raid every treasure of the Spaniards in Panama.
- After the unsuccessful battle at the Nombre de Dios, the English fleet moved west to the coast of Portobelo, Panama.
- Drake contracted dysentery while in Portobelo. On January 28, 1596, he died of yellow fever while on board his last voyage to the Caribbean. It was believed that Drake was buried in a lead coffin near the sea of Portobelo.
- In 1628, The World Encompassed was published containing the chronicles of circumnavigation.
- Sir Francis Drake was married twice (Elizabeth Sydenham and Mary Newman) and had no children.
Sir Francis Drake Worksheets
This bundle includes 11 ready-to-use Sir Francis Drake worksheets that are perfect for students to learn about Admiral Sir Francis Drake who was the most famous English privateer and navigator of the Elizabethan era.
This download includes the following worksheets:
- Sir Francis Drake Facts
- El Draque
- Famous English Explorers
- Mapping Drake’s Route
- It’s Drake!
- Naval Superpowers
- Transatlantic Slave Trade
- Word Callout
- Explorer’s Notebook
- Out of the Ship
- England’s Golden Age
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Link will appear as Sir Francis Drake Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 18, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.