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Table of Contents
Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th President of the United States and he was in office from 1901 – 1909. He was a Nobel Peace Prize winner due to his role in the Russian-Japanese War. His administration was known for the creation of the Panama Canal, the Antiquities Act, the Pure Food and Drug Act, the Forest Service and the Great White Fleet.
- Theodore Roosevelt was born on October 27, 1858, in New York, New York and he was the second of four children to Theodore Roosevelt Sr. and Martha Bulloch. His siblings were Anna, Elliott Bullock, and Corinne.
- Theodore was homeschooled by his parents and in 1876, he enrolled at Harvard College. He graduated magna cum laude in 1880.
- In 1881, Theodore attended Columbia Law School with the aim to pursue a political career.
- Theodore was elected to the New York State Assembly and served from 1882 to 1884.
- On October 27, 1880, Theodore married Alice Hathaway Lee, however their marriage only lasted until 1884, as Alice died two days after giving birth to their daughter, Alice Lee Roosevelt (1884-1980), due to kidney failure. On the same day, his mother Mittie, also died from typhoid fever. He left his daughter to his sister and moved to the Badlands of the Dakota Territory, where he bought two ranches and led the life of a frontiersman and also served as deputy sheriff. He assumed custody of his daughter again when Alice was three years old.
- In 1885, Theodore returned to New York and decided to live at Sagamore Hill in Oyster Bay, New York.
- In 1886, Theodore ran for mayor in New York City under the Republican Party, but lost.
- On December 2, 1886, Theodore married his childhood friend, Edith Kermit Carow. The couple had four children, Theodore (1887-1944), Kermit (1889-1943), Ethel Carow (1891-1977), Archibald Bulloch (1894-1979), and Quentin (1897-1918).
- In 1887, President Benjamin Harrison appointed Theodore as Commissioner of the U.S. Civil Service Commission, where he served until 1895.
- From 1895 to 1897, Theodore served as the appointed Board President of the New York City Police Commissioners.
- In 1897, Theodore was appointed as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, by then-President William McKinley at the same time as the Spanish–American War broke out.
- In April 1898, Theodore resigned as assistant secretary, as he joined the First U.S. Volunteer Cavalry Regiment that would invade Cuba. He was given command of the regiment who led charges in Kettle Hill and San Juan Hill in July 1898.
- In 1898, he returned to New York as a US War Hero. He was elected as Governor of New York and served until 1901.
- During William McKinley’s reelection bid for president in the 1900 election, Theodore agreed to be his running mate. McKinley won as President with Theodore as his Vice President.
- On September 14, 1901, Theodore was sworn in as the US President when McKinley was assassinated.
- On September 14, 1901, Theodore Roosevelt took his oath of office at his friend Ansley Wilcox’s residence in Buffalo, New York.
- On November 18, 1901, the Hay–Pauncefote Treaty was signed by the US and Great Britain. The treaty allowed the US to build an isthmian canal in Central America, specifically in Panama and by June 1902, the Isthmian Canal Act was passed by Congress to ensure the funding of the project.
- In June 1902, Theodore signed the Newlands Reclamation Act in which the federal irrigation project was authorized.
- In May 1902, the Crater Lake National Park in Oregon was established by Theodore Roosevelt and by March 1903, Pelican Island in Florida was proclaimed as the US’s first federal bird reservation.
- In February 1903, the Department of Commerce and Labor was created and in 1906, the National Forest Service was established.
- In February 1903, the Elkins Act was passed by the Congress which was supported by Theodore. It prohibited “railroads from offering rebates to shippers and shippers from paying those rebates to get an advantage”.
- In June 1906, the Hepburn Act was signed, which gave the Interstate Commerce Commission the power to regulate railroad rate increases.
- In November 1903, a revolt broke out in Panama which was under Colombian rule. The revolt was supported by the Panama Canal Company, Roosevelt’s administration, as well as the Panamanian agents. Two weeks later, the Republic of Panama was recognized by the US and the Hay–Bunau–Varilla Treaty was signed wherein it was negotiated that Panama would build the canal.
- In 1904, Theodore ran and won the reelection.
- During the Russian–Japanese War, Theodore Roosevelt acted as the mediator. Russia and Japan met in Portsmouth, New Hampshire on September 5, 1905, to sign the Portsmouth Treaty and as a result, in December 1906, Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in the war.
- In June 1906, Theodore signed the Antiquities Act wherein the President, under executive order, was given the authority to preserve and protect prehistoric ruins and artifacts, under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government.
- In June 1906, Theodore signed the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act in which the law required truthfulness in listing food contents on labels. The law also required the inspection of manufacturing plants engaging in such business.
- During the construction of the Panama Canal, Theodore and his wife traveled to Panama in November 1906. The event signified the first time that an incumbent President travelled abroad.
- On December 16, 1907, Theodore dispatched 16 naval battleships from Virginia to circumnavigate the world. The battleships’ hulls were painted white and were known as the Great White Fleet. The battleships made courtesy calls to various countries and the fleet returned successfully on February 22, 1909. The circumnavigation demonstrated the growing power of the US.
Post-Presidency, Death & Legacy
- After his presidency ended, Theodore returned to Sagamore Hill, his home.
- Theodore and several colleagues embarked on an African safari in east and central Africa in March 1909. More than 10,000 animals were hunted and the specimens were sent to Smithsonian Institution and the American Museum of Natural History for further studies.
- In the 1912 presidential election, Theodore decided to run again. He and his supporters created the Progressive Party, or the “Bull Moose” Party, for he knew that the Republican Party would not nominate him. The party was convened during the Republican Party convention in Chicago in 1912.
- On October 14, 1912, while Theodore was campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, saloonkeeper John Schrank shot him in the chest. The bullet hit his steel eyeglass case and his 50-page speech before entering his chest. The bullet did not penetrate his lungs and so he continued giving his speech. The doctors decided that it would be less dangerous to leave it in place, as removing it would be too risky. The bullet was lodged in his chest muscle and he carried it for the rest of his life.
- Due to his injury, Theodore was unable to continue his campaign in the final weeks prior to election day. He placed second both in the popular and majority vote.
- The Roosevelt–Rondon Scientific Expedition left for Brazil in December 1913. The aim of the expedition was to explore South American forests and the specimens collected were given to the American Museum of Natural History, who funded the expedition.
- Theodore suffered a leg injury during the Scientific Expedition and it became infected and resulted in a tropical fever, hence he had lost a lot of weight when he returned to New York.
- In 1914, when the First World War broke out, Theodore Roosevelt urged then-President Wilson to send troops to Europe to assist their allies. The country joined the war in 1917.
- Quentin, Theodore’s son, served as a fighter pilot with the American forces in France. Quentin was shot down behind German lines on July 14, 1918, and died at the age of 20. It is said that his death greatly distressed Theodore and that he fell into a deep depression as a result.
- On January 6, 1919, Theodore died in his sleep due to a heart attack. He is interred in Young’s Memorial Cemetery in Oyster Bay, New York.
- Theodore Roosevelt was known as a prolific writer and his first publication was a book on the War of 1812, which he wrote while attending Harvard College. He authored a total of 18 books, including his autobiography.
- Theodore Roosevelt was also a great supporter of conservation and due to his efforts, 18 National Monuments, 5 National parks, and 150 National Forests were created.
- One popular legacy of Theodore Roosevelt is the stuffed toy ‘Teddy Bear’ which was named after him by a toy maker. It was said that he famously refused to shoot a defenseless black bear which was tied to a tree.
- Sculptor Gutzon Borglum and hundreds of workers sculpted the colossal figures of US Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln into the face of Mount Rushmore. Borglum chose the four presidents to represent 130 years of American History and because of their contributions to preserving the Federal Republic.
- Several sites were dedicated to him, such as the Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site in Buffalo, New York and the Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site in Manhattan, New York City, which are both administered by the National Park Service.
- President Bill Clinton awarded Theodore Roosevelt a posthumous Medal of Honor due to his success in the battle at San Juan Hill in Cuba during the Spanish–American War. His son, Theodore Roosevelt III, was also awarded a posthumous Medal of Honor for his role in the Battle of Normandy during the Second World War.
- One of Roosevelt’s famous line was “Speak softly and carry a big stick” which he uttered in September 1902 in one of his speeches.
Theodore Roosevelt Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Theodore Roosevelt Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about Theodore Roosevelt who was the 26th President of the United States and he was in office from 1901 – 1909. He was a Nobel Peace Prize winner due to his role in the Russian-Japanese War. His administration was known for the creation of the Panama Canal, the Antiquities Act, the Pure Food and Drug Act, the Forest Service and the Great White Fleet.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- Theodore Roosevelt Facts
- Theodore Roosevelt Word Search
- Is It True?
- What am I?
- Odd One Out
- Theodore Roosevelt’s Timeline
- In My Opinion
- Teddy Bear
- Mount Rushmore
- Theodore Roosevelt’s Legacy
- Theodore Roosevelt Acrostic
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