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Thomas Gage, a British military general, was well-known in the colonies for his service during the French-Indian War, as the governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony, and as the commander-in-chief of the British Army during the American Revolution. He served as both an American ally and enemy, uniquely positioning him in history to be remembered for a complex legacy.
See the fact file below for more information on the Thomas Gage or alternatively, you can download our 18-page Thomas Gage worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Thomas Gage was born on March 10, 1718 in Middlesex, England. He was the second son of Thomas Gage and Benedica Maria Teresa Hall.
- Gage was born into a family of noblemen and was raised as such.
- Gage was raised in the Anglican Church.
EDUCATION AND EARLY CAREER
- Gage attended the Westminster School from 1728-1736.
- Little is known about Gage’s time in school, but during his time at Westminster he connected with notable members of British society including John Burgoyne, George Germain, Francis Bernard, and Richard Howe.
- After graduating, Gage joined the British Army. He was commissioned as a junior officer before becoming a lieutenant in 1741 and getting promoted yet again in 1743 to captain.
- Gage proved his capabilities in battle during the War of the Austrian Succession, serving as a personal secretary to Earl of Albemarle.
- Always ambitious, Gage chose to run for a seat on Parliament in 1753. He lost this race and was instead sent to the colonies to serve in the French-Indian War.
LIFE IN THE COLONIES
- Gage served in the French-Indian War alongside George Washington, one of his few friends and allies at the time.
- While fighting in the French-Indian War, Gage met Margaret Kemble, a woman known for her powerful family. They began their courtship and were later married. She bore him six children.
- Gage became commander-in-chief in 1763 when his mentor, General Amherst, left the position. He was paid 10 pounds per day managing the northeastern territory of the colonies.
COLONIAL TENSION AND THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
- To manage colonial frustration and protest over new taxes and political action imposed by the British government, Gage brought additional British soldiers to large cities like Boston to curb colonial uprising.
- One regiment Gage brought to Boston, the 29th Regiment of Foot, was a particularly aggressive group of British soldiers that were unwelcome by colonists due to previous conflict they had experienced. Gage ignored this history and forced the colonists to quarter these soldiers under the Quartering Act of 1765, an act that would later lead to the Boston Massacre.
- Gage was appointed the military governor of Massachusetts in 1774 to enforce the Intolerable Acts. One year later, he received orders from London to stop the colonists’ efforts to stockpile weapons in Concord. Gage’s attempt to thwart the colonists would lead to the Battles of Lexington and Concord – the first battles of the American Revolution.
- Gage’s failures throughout the American Revolution led to his removal from office in 1775. Gage returned home to England that year.
Thomas Gage Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Thomas Gage across 18 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Thomas Gage worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about Thomas Gage, a British military general, who was well-known in the colonies for his service during the French-Indian War, as the governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony, and as the commander-in-chief of the British Army during the American Revolution.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Thomas Gage Facts
- Scrambled Gage
- Gauging Gage
- Gage v. Washington
- Engaging Against Gage
- Intolerable Acts
- Intolerable News
- Veteran’s Resume
- Tweets from Thomas
- Gage Family Tree
- Protest Anthem
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Link will appear as Thomas Gage Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, February 19, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.