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William Lloyd Garrison was an American editor, writer, and abolitionist famous for the newspaper, The Liberator. Together with other abolitionists, he lead a successful campaign to abolish slavery in the United States.
See the fact file below for more interesting William Lloyd Garrison facts or alternatively you can download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
- William Lloyd Garrison was born on December 10, 1805, in Newburyport, Massachusetts. He was the son of a merchant sailor. At the age of three, Garrison’s father left the family. Frances Maria, Garrison’s mother, a devout Baptist, struggled to raise her children.
- Garrison spent his childhood with a Baptist deacon, where he was educated. By 1814, he became an apprentice shoemaker.
- At the age of 13, Garrison was appointed as the writer and editor of the Newburyport Herald under Ephraim W. Allen.
Garrison’s Career & Legacy:
- In 1826, after his apprenticeship and acquisition of skills for running a newspaper, Garrison borrowed capital from his employer to purchase the Newburyport Essex Courant.
- He renamed it Newburyport Free Press. The newspaper became a political instrument of the Federalist Party. After six months, the newspaper folded due to lack of subscribers.
- By 1828, Garrison went to Boston and became a journeyman printer and editor of the National Philanthropist.
- Garrison met Benjamin Lundy, the anti-slavery editor of the Genius Emancipation, and Lundy offered him the editor’s position of his newspaper in Vermont. Lundy introduced Garrison to the abolitionist movement.
- He joined the American Colonization Society believing that it aimed to give black people their freedom. Later on, Garrison broke away from the society after he discovered its true objective of moving black people to the west coast, which supported slavery.
- By 1830, he established his own abolitionist paper, The Liberator. Two years later, he helped the New England Anti-slavery Society. A year later, Garrison founded his own American Anti-slavery Society.
- In 1840, The American Foreign and Anti-slavery Society was formed after some members of AAS found Garrison’s society lacking initiative to take real political action aside from writing.
- Garrison’s views further fractured other abolitionists. He was of the view that the Constitution was pro-slavery and therefore hesitant to support the Union. Instead, he proposed that the pro-slavery and free states should be separated. In addition, Garrison opposed the annexation of Texas.
- In 1847, he made a series of anti-Union speeches in the Alleghenies, together with Frederick Douglass, a freed slave.
- In 1854, the Abolition Movement was fired up following the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. The mechanism of Popular Sovereignty caused the Bleeding Kansas event. Furthermore, the Dred Scott decision in 1857 added tension between the pro- and anti-slavery advocates.
- When the Civil War broke out in 1861, it marked the The Liberator’s 20 years of anti-slavery sentiments. Garrison became a huge supporter of President Abraham Lincoln even before the Emancipation Proclamation in September of 1863.
- In December of 1865, after his resignation from the American Antislavery Society, Garrison published the last issue of The Liberator.
- He spent his retirement years supporting the Republican Party and promoting women’s rights and free trade.
- On May 24, 1879, William LLoyd Garrison died after losing consciousness. After the death of his wife, Helen, in 1876 he suffered from kidney disease.
- Helen and William’s five surviving children were either advocates of political rights or journalists.
William Lloyd Garrison Worksheets
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use William Lloyd Garrison Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about William Lloyd Garrison who was an American editor, writer, and abolitionist famous for the newspaper, The Liberator. Together with other abolitionists, he lead a successful campaign to abolish slavery in the United States.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- William Lloyd Garrison Facts
- Liberator’s Biography
- WLG Advocacies
- Famous Abolitionists
- Mapping Slave and Free States
- The Dred Scott Decision
- Garrison’s View
- Political Newspapers
- Kansas-Nebraska Act
- The Liberator
- Emancipation Proclamation
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