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Do you know what Philosophy is? If not, you might ask me back, “How would I know?” Well, once you have asked someone or yourself how to know something, you might be already exploring philosophy! Philosophy, in basic terms, is thinking of thinking. Philosophy or philosophizing could be done by asking simple, and at the same time complex, questions like “What is good?” or “What is bad?” Philosophy aims to answer such questions by observing human thoughts, how nature works, and by making connections between them.
See the fact file below for more information on Philosophy for Kids or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Hare worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
DEFINITION OF PHILOSOPHY
- As an academic discipline or field of study, philosophy is defined as the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence. This is according to Oxford Languages.
- Philosophers study the way we acquire knowledge.
- The second definition listed in Oxford Languages states that philosophy is a particular system of philosophical thought.
- Philosophy could mean a person’s particular perspective of the world.
- If you think of the world as a safe and happy place, or if you think the world should be such a place, that is your philosophy.
- Philosophy could also mean what is bad and what is good for you.
- If you think that borrowing a pen from your classmate and not giving it back is bad, that could be your general philosophy or way of thinking when it comes to borrowing.
- The term Philosophy was derived from two Greek terms: Philo, which means “love,” and Sophos that means “wisdom.”
- Therefore, the term Philosophia means “love for wisdom,” and Philosophers are at times referred to as “lovers of wisdom.”
- A person’s certain way of thinking or belief is called a personal philosophy, especially when the person claims themself to think in a certain way.
- In philosophy, as a formal field of study, philosophers are more concerned over universal truths, a fact or truth that nobody, how genius or reasonable they are, can doubt or dispute.
- Philosophers tend to ask plenty of questions, such as: What is good? What is beauty? What is free will? Is there a God?
- Philosophy has been organized according to the focus of its concerns. These are called the Branches of Philosophy.
BRANCHES OF PHILOSOPHY
- Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that focuses on what is real, what exists, the nature of being, the universal and physical world.
- Metaphysics seeks answers to the following questions: What is the nature of reality? How can we ensure that the world is real, and not just our imagination? How is there man? Why does man exist? How is the universe made? Or is it made? How can we prove that something, like God, exists? Can “nothing” or “nothingness” exist?
- Metaphysics focuses on questions about existence and reality.
- Epistemology is the philosophical branch that is also known as the theory of knowledge.
- Epistemology discusses the definition of knowledge, how it is acquired, or how it is formed.
- Epistemology also tackles the relationship of knowledge to the truth, belief, and the justification of such belief.
- The following questions are often asked in Epistemology: What is knowledge? What do we know? What can we know? How do we know? What belief is justified and how is it justified?
- Logic is a useful philosophical branch, as it studies reasoning. You can learn to identify good and bad reasoning, and construct valid arguments by studying logic.
- For example, if you want to ask permission from your parents to do something, you may use logic to convince them.
- Logic also teaches you to spot errors or fallacies in an argument, so you may develop a keen sense of knowing whether you are being lied to by studying logic.
- Ethics is also known as moral philosophy because it mainly delves into morality.
- Ethics is concerned whether an action is good or bad; it also seeks to devise a way of life we can think of as good.
- Ethics teaches us what is good and how we should apply it to our lives.
- Ethics is preoccupied with the following questions: What is a good life? How should a good person act? What is virtue? What is right?
POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY (POLITICS)
- Politics as a branch of philosophy is concerned with the government, laws, liberty, justice, rights, authority, state, and ruling.
- In politics, we ask: What is government? Why do we need governments? What should be allowed and prohibited in a state? To what extent can a government rule?
- Aesthetics is the branch of philosophy that studies beauty.
- Aesthetics attempts to define art, and study the way we view art; viewing beauty, and how we can say that something is beautiful, according to our taste.
- It asks the following questions: What is art? What makes art beautiful? What is the purpose of art? Is having a good taste natural, or can it be developed? Are art and morality connected?
Philosophy for Kids Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes introductory knowledge to philosophy for kids across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Philosophy for Kids worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the philosophy, distinguishing the different branches of philosophy, and the kinds of questions that are asked within each branch.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Philosophy for Kids Facts
- Vocabulary Review
- Branch Match
- Question Classification
- Fact or Bluff
- Quote Study
- Philosopher Profiles
- My Moral Philosophy
- My Political Philosophy
- Is it Beautiful?
- My Metaphysical Philosophy
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Link will appear as Philosophy for Kids Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 19, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
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