26,813,057 (July 2001 est.)
647,500 sq km, slightly smaller than Texas
A landlocked country located approximately in the center of Asia.
It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east, Iran in the south and west, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan in the north, and China in the far northeast
No functioning central government,
administered by factions
Arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers
Pashtu 35%, Afghan Persian (Dari) 50%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism