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Amman, the capital of Jordan, is a modern city with numerous ancient ruins. Atop Jabal al-Qala’a hill, the historic Citadel includes the pillars of the Roman Temple of Hercules and the 8th-century Umayyad Palace complex, known for its grand dome.
See the fact file below for more information on the Amman or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Amman worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Amman, Arabic ʿAmmān, biblical Hebrew Rabbath Ammon, ancient Greek Philadelphia, is the capital and is the largest city of Jordan. It is the residence of the king and the seat of government.
- The city is built on rolling hills at the eastern boundary of the ʿAjlūn Mountains, on the small, partly perennial Wadi ʿAmmān and its tributaries.
- Amman’s focus of settlement throughout history has been the small high triangular plateau (modern Mount Al-Qalʿah) just north of the wadi.
- Fortified settlements have existed there since remote antiquity; the earliest remains are of the Chalcolithic Age (c. 4000–c. 3000 BCE).
- The name traces back to “Ammon,” the capital of the Ammonites, a Semitic people spoken of in the Bible.
- Amman is located in a hilly area of northwestern Jordan.
- The city was originally built on seven hills, but it now spans over an area of 19 hills (each known as a jabal or “mountain”).
- The main areas of Amman gain their names from the hills and mountains on whose slopes they lie. Many of the hills are higher than 2,625 feet (800 meters).
- Archaeological discoveries in ‘Ain Ghazal, in eastern Amman, showed evidence of Neolithic settlement and artistic work, dating to around 8500 B.C.E. The earliest remains of fortified settlements belong to the Chalcolithic Age (c. 4000 to 3000 B.C.E.).
- In the thirteenth century B.C.E., the city was called Rabbath Ammon by the Ammonites.
- The “royal city” which King David’s general Joab (II Samuel 12:26) took, was probably the acropolis on top of the plateau.
- King David (1037-967 B.C.E.) sent Uriah the Hittite to his death in battle outside city so that he might marry his wife, Bathsheba (II Samuel 11).
- David’s son Solomon had Ammonite wives, one of whom became the mother of Rehoboam, Solomon’s successor.
- Amman is a regional hub, and is Jordan’s chief commercial, financial, and international trade center. A construction boom has brought massive economic growth.
- Downtown projects, which consists of stores, malls, restaurants, residential and office buildings, a new library and performing arts center, landscaping, man made canals and water fountains; Bonyan city, which consists of five new skyscrapers for apartments and offices; the Jordan Gate Towers, which are two identical skyscrapers to house offices.
- Projects include: The Abdali Amman Financial Tower, consisting of 56 floors; the Limitless Towers, which are two identical 65 floor buildings connected by a pedestrian walkway that will house the world’s highest swimming pool; the Andalucian Village, which includes over 600 villas, and consists of spas, fitness and health centers, swimming pools, and a recreation area; and a massive new Royal Jordanian headquarters.
- Phosphate extraction and petroleum refining are the most significant industries.
- Other important industries include food and tobacco processing, manufacture of textiles, paper, plastics, and metal products.
- The area known as the Citadel sits on the highest hill in Amman, Jabal Al Qala’a (about 850m above sea level), and is the site of ancient Rabbath-Ammon.
- Occupied since the Bronze Age, it is surrounded by a 1700m-long wall, which was rebuilt many times during the Bronze and Iron Ages, as well as the Roman, Byzantine, and Umayyad periods.
- The Royal Automobile Museum displays more than 70 classic cars and motorbikes from the personal collection of King Hussein.
- Amman, Jordan is known for having excellent falafel, which consist of ground chickpeas and spices, deep fried in little patties until golden brown and crispy.
- The Fattet Hummus, the combination of hummus with bread which is soaked into the hummus making the hummus more fluffy and not as dense.
- When it comes to dipping dishes (part of the greater mezze spread), Moutabel in Jordan was one of my favorites. The combination of creamy roasted eggplant, garlic, sesame paste, and olive oil is a flavor and texture that’s hard to beat.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Amman across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Amman worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Amman, the capital of Jordan, which is a modern city with numerous ancient ruins. Atop Jabal al-Qala’a hill, the historic Citadel includes the pillars of the Roman Temple of Hercules and the 8th-century Umayyad Palace complex, known for its grand dome.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Amman Facts
- Amman Info
- Amman Places
- My City
- Amman Puzzle
- Collage Making
- Travel Guide
- Amman Essay
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Link will appear as Amman Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 13, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
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