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See the fact file below for more information on the Baghdad or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Baghdad worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Baghdad, also spelled Bagdad, Arabic Baghdād, formerly Madīnat al-Salām (Arabic: “City of Peace”), is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad governorate, central Iraq.
- It is on the Tigris River about 330 miles (530 km) from the headwaters of the Persian Gulf, in the heart of ancient Mesopotamia.
- Baghdad is Iraq’s largest city and one of the most populous urban agglomerations of the Middle East. The city was founded in 762 as the capital of the ʿAbbāsid dynasty of caliphs, and for the next 500 years was the most significant cultural center of Arab and Islamic civilization and one of the world’s greatest cities.
- It was conquered by Mongol leader Hülegü in 1258, before its importance waned.
CHARACTER OF THE CITY
- Despite the many changes experienced by the city in its history, Baghdad has maintained a mystique and allure equaled by few of the world’s cities.
- Many Muslims revere it as the seat of the last legitimate caliphate and others as the cosmopolitan centre of the Arab and Islamic worlds when they were at the height of their grandeur.
- Others—including many in the West—know it primarily through print and film as the scene of many tales of The Thousand and One Nights adventures and other accounts found in a rich tradition of Middle Eastern storytelling.
- In more peaceful times, modern Baghdad is a prosperous and sophisticated city with a rich cultural life evidenced by its many museums, universities, and institutes, and by the many scholars and literati who traveled there and made it their home.
- The architecture of the city ranges from traditional two- or three-story brick houses to modern steel, glass, and concrete structures.
- The traditional Baghdad house, usually located on a crowded, narrow street, has latticed windows and an open inner courtyard.
- A few fine specimens from the late Ottoman period are tucked away in the traditional quarters of Al-Karkh, Ruṣāfah, and Al-Kāẓimiyyah. The typical modern middle-class dwelling is made of brick and mortar and has a garden and wall.
- The population of greater Baghdad grew tremendously after World War II. The vast majority of the population is Muslim and Arab. The Muslims are divided, however, between the two main sects of Islam, the Sunnites and the Shīʿites.
- Non-Arab ethnic and linguistic groups include Kurds, Armenians, and people of Indian, Afghan, or Turkish origin. A substantial Persian-speaking population left for Iran in the 1970s and ’80s under pressure from the Baʿthist regime.
- There are several Eastern-rite Christian communities, notably the Chaldeans and Assyrians.There was once a vigorous and large Jewish community with ancient roots in Mesopotamia; however, ethnic persecution drove most Jews out of the country in the 1950s, and by the end of the century virtually none remained.
- The Western community, once substantial, has reduced since 1958 and is limited mainly to businessmen, members of the diplomatic corps, and executives of foreign companies.
- Likewise, the city was once home to a large community of foreign Arabs, including hundreds of thousands of Egyptians. Many left the country prior to the Persian Gulf War.
- The National Museum of Iraq was established in 1926. Its collection covers over 5,000 years of Mesopotamian history.
- About 15,000 items were looted in the chaos of war that was followed by the toppling of Saddam Hussein, with one third to one half returned or recovered before the museum reopened in 2015.
- The Al-Shaheed Monument, also known as the Martyr’s memorial, is a monument in Baghdad. It was built in 1983, under the regime of Saddam Hussein.
- This is the Iraqi version of the popular Biryani – slow-cooked rice with meat – which is also popular in many Mid-Eastern Islamic countries and other places around the world with the Muslim population.
- The kebabs need no introduction, though the Iraqi kebab varies in taste and flavoring from other kebabs.
- The Dolma is considered as a national dish of Iraq.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Baghdad across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Baghdad worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Baghdad which is the capital of Iraq and the second-largest city in West Asia. Located along the Tigris River, the city was founded in the 8th century and became the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Baghdad, Iraq Facts
- Fascinating Facts
- BI Info
- Baghdad, Iraq IG
- When in Baghdad, Iraq
- Missing Words
- Dream City
- BI Jumbled
- Know More about BI
- Latest Info
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Link will appear as Baghdad Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 20, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.