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Baku is the largest city and the capital of Azerbaijan. Located on the shores of the Caspian Sea, Baku covers an area of 830 square miles and has a population of 2,262,600, which ranks as the largest city in the Caucasus region.
See the fact file below for more information on the Baku or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Baku worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Baku is located 28 metres below sea level, which makes it the lowest-lying national capital in the world and also the largest city in the world located below sea level.
- Baku is divided into twelve administrative raions (administrative districts) and 48 townships. Among these are the townships on the islands of the Baku Archipelago, and the town of Oil Rocks.
- The city is the scientific, cultural, and industrial center of Azerbaijan.
- In recent years, Baku has become an important venue for international events; it hosted events such as the 57th Eurovision Song Contest in 2012 and the 2015 European Games.
- According to Lonely Planet, Baku is also one of the world’s top ten destinations for urban nightlife, placed 8th in the top 10 party cities in the world. The city has many clubs that are open until dawn.
- Baku is derived from the Persian name of the city Bād-kube, meaning “Wind-pounded city”. Indeed, the city is renowned for its fierce winter snowstorms and harsh winds. This is also reflected in the city’s nickname, “City of Winds”.
- A less probable folk etymology explains the name as deriving from Baghkuy, meaning “God’s town”. Baga and kuy are the Old Persian words for “god” and “town” respectively.
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
- Baku is situated on the western coast of the Caspian Sea. In the vicinity of the city there are a number of mud volcanoes and salt lakes. Baku has a temperate semi-arid climate with hot and humid summers, cool and occasionally wet winters, and strong winds all year long.
- Baku does not experience extremely hot summers and substantial sunshine hours. This is largely because of its northerly latitude and the fact that it is located on a peninsula on the shore of the Caspian Sea.
- Baku’s largest industry is petroleum, and its petroleum exports make it a large contributor to Azerbaijan’s balance of payments.
- The existence of petroleum has been known since the 8th century.
- Commercial exploitation began in 1872, and by the start of the 20th century, the Baku oil fields were the largest in the world.
- By 1900, the city had over 3,000 oil wells, of which 2,000 were producing oil at industrial levels. Baku ranked as one of the largest centres for the production of oil industry equipment before World War II.
TOURISM AND SHOPPING
- Baku is one of the most important tourist destinations in the Caucasus, with hotels in the city earning 7 million euros in 2009. Baku has many popular tourist and entertainment spots, such as the downtown Fountains Square, the One and Thousand Nights Beach, Shikhov Beach, and Oil Rocks.
- Baku has several shopping malls; the most famous city center malls are Port Baku, Park Bulvar, Ganjlik Mall, Metro Park, 28 MALL, Aygun city, and AF MALL.
- The city was 48th in the 2011 list of the most expensive cities in the world conducted by Mercer Human Resource Consulting.
PLACES TO VISIT
- Shirvanshah’s Palace, one of the oldest symbols of Baku, is located behind the city walls of the Old Town. It was officially announced as a museum in 1964, and has since been preserved by the government.
- Baku Boulevard (Seaside National Park) is a place where you can observe the Caspian Sea and the most beautiful night view of Baku.
- You will find shopping malls, business centers, restaurants, ‘chaykhana’s (tea houses), sophisticated plants, and other attractions while walking there.
- Azerbaijan Carpet Museum has the largest collection of Azerbaijani carpets in the world. The structure of the building is intended to look like a rolled carpet. Designed by Austrian architect Franz Janz, the building took over six years to construct. The museum’s collection includes over 10,000 items of ceramics, metal works, jewelry from the Bronze Age, carpets, and rugs made using various weaving techniques and materials from various periods.
- Flame Towers is a trio of skyscrapers in Baku. The towers, representing flames, symbolize fire as a sign of Ahura Mazda in Zoroastrianism. The buildings consist of 130 residential apartments over 33 floors, and three buildings: South, East, and West.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Baku across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Baku worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Baku which is the largest city and the capital of Azerbaijan. Located on the shores of the Caspian Sea, Baku covers an area of 830 square miles and has a population of 2,262,600, which ranks as the largest city in the Caucasus region.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Baku Facts
- More About Baku
- Baku Info
- Typhoon Hit
- Not to Do
- 12 Raions
- Where’s the Pic?
- Food to Try
- True or False?
- City of Winds
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Link will appear as Baku Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 22, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
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