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Ballarat is a city located on the Yarrowee River in the Central Highlands of Victoria, Australia with a population of 101,588. Ballarat is known for its history, culture, and its well-preserved heritage from the Victorian period. The city merged with the town of Ballarat East in 1921, ending a deep-rooted rivalry.
See the fact file below for more information on the Ballarat or alternatively, you can download our 22-page Ballarat worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Ballarat is the third largest inland city in Australia in terms of population.
- The city was established in 1838.
- It’s located at the foothills of the Central Highlands, a region consisting mainly of hills in Victoria.
- Ballarat has an elevation of 435 meters.
- Ballarat has an area of 343.6 square kilometers.
- Ballarat is 110 kilometers northwest of Melbourne, 82 kilometers northwest of Geelong, and 95 kilometers southwest of Bendigo.
VICTORIAN GOLD RUSH AND BALLARAT
- The Victorian Gold Rush happened from 1851 until the late 1860s in the state of Victoria in Australia.
- The discovery of Victorian Goldfields led to a period of extreme prosperity and an increase in population growth.
- According to The Victorian Gold Discovery Committee, the discovery was key to the massive development of the country.
- Gold was discovered in Ballarat on August 18, 1851.
- The discovery of gold led to a fast spread of news regarding rich alluvial fields where gold could be easily extracted.
- The Victorian Gold Rush has transformed Ballarat from a small sheep station to a major settlement.
- Ballarat possesses outstanding goldfields for it experienced sustained high gold yields for many decades which is still evident to this day in Ballarat’s rich architecture.
THE EUREKA REBELLION
- Ballarat is famous for a tax revolt that happened in 1854, known as the Eureka Rebellion.
- The Eureka Rebellion was initiated by gold miners in Ballarat who revolted against the colonial authority of the United Kingdom.
- The rebellion culminated in the Battle of Eureka Stockade, which was fought between miners and colonial forces of Australia.
- The Battle of Eureka Stockade happened on December 3, 1854.
- The rebellion resulted in the deaths of at least 27 people, most of whom were rebels.
- In response to the Eureka Rebellion, the first male suffrage in Australia was instituted.
- Eureka is interpreted by some as the beginning of democracy in Australia.
- The Eureka Flag, the rebellion’s symbol, has become a national symbol and is kept at the Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka in Ballarat.
- The Eureka Flag is a flag design that features a dark blue field, a horizontal stripe and a vertical line crossing it, and eight-pointed stars. The stars, with the central star being the tallest, represents the Crux Australis constellation.
THE CITY OF BALLARAT
- Ballarat was officially proclaimed a city in 1871.
- After nearby cities Melbourne and Geelong slowed in terms of gold extraction, Ballarat continued its high gold extraction until the late 19th Century.
- The 20th century was not the best time for Ballarat: dozens died in the Sunshine Rail Disaster in 1908; many homes were destroyed by a tornado in 1909; and the whole city was set back by the First World War and the Great Depression.
- Ballarat North Workshops were developed in order to transition its focus from the gold mining industry to railways.
- Ballarat’s gold fields later on endured as a major regional center.
- This center hosted the rowing and kayaking events during the 1956 Summer Olympics.
- Ballarat has also become the commercial capital of the Central Highlands and its largest city, as well as a significant tourist destination.
- The Ballarat Botanical Gardens has the greatest concentration of public statues in Australia, with a collection of busts of the Prime Ministers of Australia displayed on Prime Ministers Avenue.
- The Avenue of Honour is the earliest war memorial avenue in Australia.
- Also, Ballarat is home to the first municipal observatory in Australia.
ARTS AND CULTURE
- In 2003, Ballarat became the first of two Australian cities registered as a member of the International League of Historical Cities.
- In 2006, Ballarat hosted the 10th World League of Historical Cities Congress.
- The Collaborative Research Centre in Australian History, part of Federation University Australia, located at old Ballarat Gaol, is focused on the city’s rich history.
- The Ballarat Fine Art Gallery houses one of Australia’s oldest and most extensive collections of early Australian works, considered to have the best Australian collection outside any capital city in Australia.
- Federation University Australia also operates the Post Office Gallery in the Wardell designed former Post Office on the corner of Sturt and Lydiard Streets.
- The Ballarat Agricultural Show is an event that has been held annually in Ballarat since 1859, making it the oldest large annual event in Ballarat.
- The Ballarat Agricultural Show is a public holiday for the city held at the Ballarat Showgrounds and attracts 30,000 annual attendances.
- The Begonia Festival has been held annually since 1953. SpringFest has been held annually since 2001.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Ballarat across 22 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Ballarat worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Ballarat which is a city located on the Yarrowee River in the Central Highlands of Victoria, Australia with a population of 101,588. Ballarat is known for its history, culture, and its well-preserved heritage from the Victorian period. The city merged with the town of Ballarat East in 1921, ending a deep-rooted rivalry.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Ballarat Facts
- Welcome To Ballarat!
- Early Times
- 20th Century Events
- Ballarat’s Tent City
- The Eureka Rebellion
- Arts and Culture
- Victorian City
- Ballarat Acrostics
- Importance of Heritage
- Cities In Australia
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Link will appear as Ballarat Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 9, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
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