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Table of Contents
Being one of the four Ancient Cities of China, Beijing is not only the capital of the People’s Republic of China, but the third most populous city proper, and the most populous capital city in the world.
See the fact file below for more information on the Beijing or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Beijing worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Beijing is located in Northern China.
- Beijing is governed as a municipality, under the direct administration of central government with 16 suburban and rural districts.
- While Beijing is divided in 16 districts by county-level, 289 towns and villages make up its township.
- As of 2018, Beijing has a population of 21,542,000.
- The city tree is the Chinese arborvitae and Pagoda Tree.
- The city flowers are China Rose and Chrysanthemum.
ETYMOLOGY AND ROMANIZATION
- The city of Beijing has had numerous other names over the past 3,000 years.
- The name Beijing literally means “Northern Capital” from the Chinese characters for north and for capital.
- The name Beijing was applied to the city in 1403 during the Ming dynasty to distinguish Beijing from Nanjing; the southern capital.
- The English spelling is based on the pronunciation of the characters’ pinyin romanization.
- Beijing was previously spelled as Peking, an older English spelling.
- Peking is how the same characters are pronounced in Chinese dialects, spoken in the southern towns first visited by Europeans.
- Peking is no longer a common name for the city, however, some of the city’s older locations and facilities use the older romanization.
- The establishment of Beijing dates back to 1045 BC during the Zhou Dynasty.
- It was the capital in the Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties.
- 34 emperors had lived in Beijing.
- The world famous Forbidden City was built during that era.
- When Beijing became the center of the First World War, society was thrown into confusion and became semi-colonial and semi-feudal.
- On October 1, 1949, the People’s Republic of China was founded, which stabilised the nation and Beijing was the capital.
ECONOMY AND CULTURE
- Beijing is a city of powerful economy, as it is the home to China’s largest state-owned companies, biggest financial institutions, and the largest number of Fortune Global 500 in the world.
- In terms of transportation, Beijing is a major hub for China’s highway, expressway, railway, and high-speed rail networks.
- Since 2010, The Beijing Capital International Airport is the world’s second busiest airport by passenger traffic.
- Beijing is one of the oldest cities in the world, as it is one, and the last of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China.
- For the past eight centuries, Beijing has been China’s political center.
- Beijing has the most favorable location to be the Emperor’s Residence, with mountains surrounding the inland on three sides, to reinforce the old inner and outer city walls, thus considering Beijing to be the perfect imperial capital of China.
- Religion in Beijing is rich and diverse, as Chinese folk religion, Taoism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Islam, and Christianity, are all present in the city.
- Foreign residents have brought other religions to the city in the past decades.
- Beijing is popular for its palaces, temples, parks, gardens, tombs, walls, and gates.
- Beijing has seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites that have become tourist locations as well: the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, Ming Tombs, the Zhoukoudian, parts of The Great Wall of China, and the Grand Canal.
- The Forbidden City is located in the center of Beijing and has served as home to Chinese emperors since the Ming Dynasty.
- The Temple of Heaven was a place where emperors worshipped during the Qing and Ming dynasties. It is open to the public.
- A beautiful view of lakes, palaces, and gardens can be seen in the Summer Palace, which was built in the Qing Dynasty.
- 13 emperors in the Ming Dynasty are buried in The Ming Tombs.
- The first specimens of the Peking Man (Homo erectus) can be found in the Zhoukoudian Site Museum, an archaeological site in Beijing.
- The Beijing National Stadium, nicknamed Bird’s Nest, is where the 2008 Summer Olympics was held.
- The city’s housing and hutongs are popular for their traditional style, and has attracted tourists. These are called Siheyuans.
- In terms of education, Beijing has 91 universities and many of them consistently rank among the best in China: Peking University and Tsinghua University are good examples.
- Beijing CBD (Central Business District) is a center for Beijing’s economic expansion, along with the multiple ongoing construction of skyscrapers.
- China’s Silicon Valley is the nickname or title to Zhongguancun area, for it is a center of innovation and technology, entrepreneurship.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Beijing across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Beijing worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Beijing which is not only the capital of the People’s Republic of China, but the third most populous city proper, and the most populous capital city in the world.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Beijing, China Facts
- Beijing Basics
- Beijing True or False
- Ancient Cities of China
- Play Detective
- Different Dynasties
- Neighboring Cities
- Match The Landmark
- My Own Sketch
- Palaces And Parks
- Three-Day Itinerary
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Link will appear as Beijing Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, August 7, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.