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Table of Contents
Berlin is a city that is not only the capital but also the largest city in Germany. It is the second most populous city proper of the European Union. Berlin is located on the Northern European Lowlands (North German Plain) along the Spree River in Eastern Germany and lies within the state of Brandenburg.
See the fact file below for more information on the Berlin or alternatively, you can download our 24-page Berlin worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Berlin has an area of 892 km² (344 sq mi).
- Berlin is the center of Brandenburg metropolitan area compromising 3.4 million people from 180 nations.
- The city center lies along the River Spree in the Berlin-Warsaw Urstromtal (ancient river valley), formed by water flowing from melting ice sheets.
- Berlin City began in the 13th century, where there were two settlements – Cölln and Berlin.
- The two towns grew their economy rapidly. In 1307, they formally united and were named after the larger town – Berlin.
- Like other countries, Berlin also suffered from outbreaks from the plague in 1576, 1598 and 1699. It was worsened by the thirty-year war (1618-1648). Like the rest of Germany, it was devastated and suddenly its population dropped down to 6,000.
- With the help of French Protestants, Berlin was recovered and rose up to a population of 50,000.
- King Friedrich I of Prussia, also known as Frederick the Great, reigned in Berlin and much great architecture was built.
- In 1806, the French entered Berlin for 2 years. Berlin continued to flourish.
- By 1900, the population reached 2 million and the city become overcrowded.
- It still improved and was able to gain electric lights and telephones.
- In 1933, Hitler ruled Berlin where he destroyed Jewish communities and imprisoned thousands of the city’s German Jews.
- After World War II, Berlin was divided into sectors – Soviet, French, British, and American. In 1948, the Soviets tried to annex the whole city.
- In 1961, the Communist Government of East Germany built a wall separating East and West Berlin. The purpose of the wall was to keep the country’s people in.
- In 1989, the wall was demolished by a collapse of Communism.
- The bear on the flag and coat of arms of Berlin represents the first half of the city’s name, German Bär, meaning “bear.” Between 1913 and 1954, the civil flag was similar to the current one, except the design of the bear was different.
- The Teufelsberg is one of the highest elevations in Berlin. It is a pile of rubble from the ruins of World War II. It has an elevation of about 377 feet (115 meters).
- Spree River flows through the city center of Berlin to join the River Havel in Spandau, one of Berlin’s western boroughs, which itself ultimately merges with the Elbe to enter the sea in Cuxhaven, after flowing through Hamburg.
- Berlin is the capital of reunited Germany. It is famous for the Berlin Wall, museums, architectural buildings, opera houses, clubs, and theaters. Berlin’s people are known for their sense of humor and their quickness to respond with a witty answer. Berlin people also have a friendly and lovely personality.
- Brandenburg Gate was built from 1788 to 1791 by Prussian King Frederick William II as a key entry point to the city of Berlin, topped off with a statue known as the “Quadriga,” which depicted a statue of the goddess of victory driving a chariot pulled by four horses
- When Napoleon Bonaparte and his Grand Army occupied Berlin, he ordered the Quadriga to be shipped back to Paris. But when Prussian soldiers captured Paris followed by Napoleon’s defeat, the Quadriga returned to Berlin with an iron cross added as a symbol of Prussian soldiers victory over France.
- The Brandenburg Gate is one of Berlin’s most important monuments – a landmark and symbol (all in one with over two hundred years of history). It also represents one of the earliest and most attractive examples of a neo-classical building in Germany. It has served as a symbol of both the division of Germany and the country’s reunification.
- The Reichstag building, a Neo-Renaissance building, was completed in 1894 and was design by Paul Wallot. It was the home of the Reichstag (“Imperial Diet”) from 1894 to 1933, during the periods of the German Empire (1871–1918) and the Weimar Republic (1919–33).
- The Reichstag building serves as the meeting place of the German parliament, the Bundestag.
- The Reichstag of Nazi Germany left the building and ceased to act as a parliament after the 1933 fire. They never returned.
Sir Norman Foster did an extensive restoration and renovation under the direction of British architect after the reunification of West and East Germany in 1990.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Berlin across 24 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Berlin worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Berlin which is a city that is not only the capital but also the largest city in Germany. It is the second most populous city proper of the European Union. Berlin is located on the Northern European Lowlands (North German Plain) along the Spree River in Eastern Germany and lies within the state of Brandenburg.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Berlin, Germany Facts
- Did That Happen?
- Arrange me please.
- Symbolic Berlin
- Comment on me.
- Do you know me?
- What’s my meaning?
- Matching Berlin
- Complete my sentence.
- Berlin for me is?
- I Love Berlin.
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Link will appear as Berlin Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, September 18, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
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