Download This Sample
This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members!
To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download!
Sign Me Up
Buenos Aires is the capital city of Argentina in South America. It is located on the Rio de la Plata and is home to around 3 million people. “Buenos Aires” translates to “fair winds” or “good airs”. It is also the largest city in Argentina.
See the fact file below for more information on the Buenos Aires or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Buenos Aires worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF BUENOS AIRES
- Buenos Aires was first reached by Juan Diaz de Solis, who was navigating South America in the name of Spain.
- Originally, the city of Buenos Aires was established by Pedro de Mendoza and was named “Ciudad de Nuestra Señora Santa Maria del Buen Ayre” on February 2nd, 1536.
- Due to Indigenous attacks, Mendoza and his group of explorers abandoned the site in 1542, but a short time later, in the summer of 1580, Juan de Garay established a permanent settlement.
- It was then that the settlement changed its name to “Santisima Trinidad”, and the port of the city was called “Puerto de Santa Maria de los Buenos Aires”.
- Buenos Aires was attacked during the British invasions of the Rio de la Plata (the “River Plate”; an estuary along the southeastern coastline of South America and also a border between Argentina and Uruguay).
- During the 19th century, on top of two unsuccessful naval blockades on the city, Buenos Aires experienced poor health conditions (mostly tuberculosis).
- However, a lot of wealth and prosperity infiltrated the city, as well as an influx of immigrants from Europe (particularly Italy and Spain), turning Buenos Aires into a lively and multicultural city from 1880 to the early 1930s.
- Political movements and coups popped up in the 1970s, but by
the 1980s, the return of democracy, along with a cultural revival in the city paved the way for an economic revival in the 1990s.
- In 2015, electronic voting systems were first used in the city; Horacio
Rodriguez Larreta became mayor of Buenos Aires thereafter.
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE OF BUENOS AIRES
- The city centre of Buenos Aires lies on a bluff overlooking the Rio de la Plata, and the rest of the city is laid out on the floodplains of rivers,
with very few areas of elevation.
- The city centre is built on the original colonial foundation, and so includes narrow streets and a grid pattern.
- Buenos Aires is very hot and humid during the summer months of December to March, but the autumn and spring temperatures and weather patterns change quickly.
- Between June and September the weather is mild, with some frost (but snowfall is extremely rare).
- Buenos Aires is dotted with mesquite trees, purple mountains, mule deer, bobcats, jackrabbits, and a variety of marshland, meadows cottonwoods, and mesquite groves.
CULTURE AND ECONOMY OF BUENOS AIRES
- Buenos Aires maintains its powerhouse standing in the financial, industrial, and commercial realms; its human development index is high by international standards.
- The port of Buenos Aires is one of the busiest in South America.
- Manufacturing still plays a large role in the city’s economy as well as meat, dairy, textiles, and chemicals.
- Buenos Aires is strongly influenced by European culture, and is sometimes affectionately referred to as the “Paris of South America”, largely due to its live theater industry, wide array of shows, museums, arts culture, abundant literary production, and rich contemporary musical life.
- Buenos Aires’ first major art movements coincided with its revived sense of political liberty.
- The city has become popular for its rich urban and street art.
- Buenos Aires has more bookshops per person than any other city in the world!
- The Rio de la Plata is famously known for being the birthplace of tango, and Buenos Aires considers itself the Tango World Capital because of this.
- The architecture of Buenos Aires is a combination of Paris and Madrid styles, with influences from French Bourbon and Neo-Gothic styles.
- Tourism has been growing in Buenos Aires in the 21st century; tourists can find many parks (over 250) and theatres to enjoy.
Buenos Aires Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Buenos Aires across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Buenos Aires worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Buenos Aires which is the capital city of Argentina in South America. It is located on the Rio de la Plata and is home to around 3 million people. “Buenos Aires” translates to “fair winds” or “good airs”. It is also the largest city in Argentina.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Buenos Aires Facts
- British Invasions of the River Plate
- Historical Terms
- Buenos Aires Culture
- Climate Change in Buenos Aires
- Buenos Aires Wordsearch
- The Stunning Floralis Generica
- Buenos Aires Quiz
- Sampling the Local Cuisine
- Buenos Aires Crossword
- Design a Postage Stamp
Link/cite this page
If you reference any of the content on this page on your own website, please use the code below to cite this page as the original source.
Link will appear as Buenos Aires Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, February 6, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.