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Bulgaria is a south-eastern European republic bordered to the north by Romania, to the west by Serbia and North Macedonia, to the south by Greece and Turkey, and to the east by the Black Sea. Sofia is its capital and largest city; other main towns are Plovdiv, Varna, and Burgas. It covers 110,994 square kilometers.
See the fact file below for more information on the Bulgaria or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Bulgaria worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Bulgaria was founded in the 7th century and is one of the oldest states in Europe.
- The empires of ancient Rome, Greece, and Byzantium were strong presences before the formation of the Bulgarian state, and often people and goods traveled through the region.
- Emerging from centuries of Ottoman rule, Bulgaria gained independence in the late 19th century.
- As communist regimes collapsed in Eastern Europe in the late 1980s and early 1990s, Bulgaria was abruptly freed from the Soviet giant’s gravitational field and drifted into the uncomfortable postcommunist terrain.
- Sofia is the capital of Bulgaria. It lies in a mountainous basin in the west.
- Bulgaria possesses a complex drainage system characterized by fairly short rivers, with the notable exception of the Danube.
- The major rivers are the Maritsa (Marica), Iskirr, Struma, Arda, Tundzha, and Yantra.
- The various lakes in Bulgaria may be originally marine, glacial, structural, or karst. The country has around 500 mineral springs, with half of them mild or dry. Many dams were constructed in the mountains.
- Most of Bulgaria has a moderate continental climate, influenced to the south by the Mediterranean. The annual average temperature is 10.5°C but this hides a large variability.
- The lowlands receive snowfall from mid-October to mid-May, with an average annual snow cover of 25–30 days. From May to August, hailstorms happen.
- Rila National Park is a sanctuary for local fauna, including suslik, rock partridges, chamois, capercaillie, chough, accentor, wall creeper, owls, bats, and martens.
- Around one-third of Bulgaria’s nesting birds can be found in the park, as can one-third of invertebrates. Fish species include the Balkan trout and the Minnow common.
- The population is relatively homogeneous on an ethnic basis, with Bulgarians accounting for more than four-fifths of the total.
- The Turks, the largest minority in Bulgaria, constitute around one-tenth of the population, and live in some northeastern areas and the eastern Rhodope Mountains region.
- The Bulgarian language, along with Serbo-Croatian and Slovene, belongs to the South Slavic group; Macedonian is also closely related to Bulgarian. There are a variety of dialects in the modern voice.
- Bulgarian is a Cyrillic script used for writing.
- There is no official religion in the country, but the majority of people follow the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. Religious minority groups include Armenian Muslims, Protestants, Catholics, Jews, and Gregorians.
- By the beginning of the 21st century the restructured Bulgarian economy had greatly changed, with the government actively privatizing state-run industries.
- During the first decade of the new century, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) rose at an average annual rate of over 4 percent.
- Agriculture accounts for below one-tenth of Bulgaria’s national production. Cereal crops are cultivated on nearly three-fifths of sown land. By far, the most important is wheat, followed by corn and barley; rye, oats, soybeans, and rice also are grown.
GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY
- Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic under the terms of the 1991 Constitution. The prime minister is elected by a majority party in the National Assembly (parliament).
- The head of state is the president, who is elected for a five-year term.
- The president schedules national referendums and National Assembly elections, performs diplomatic and other duties, and enacts and can veto laws.
- Primary and secondary schooling are the responsibility of an educational council hierarchy. The Ministry of Public Education is responsible for higher education.
- Education is free at all levels, and children must have an eight-year elementary programme. General education has included polytechnic subjects and vocational training since 1959.
- Rila Monastery. It was founded during the 10th century. Labeled as Bulgaria’s Jerusalem, it is the country’s largest monastery and home to convincing religious iconography, including wall paintings, carvings, and historic objects.
- Nessebar. For the past 9,000 years, it has been entertaining tourists and it still enchants people. The adorable old town of Nessebar is an open-air museum filled with beautiful squares, churches, and cobbled streets.
- Sunny Beach. It is known for long stretches of soft, sandy beaches sloping into the Black Sea. The golden beaches along the coast extend eight kilometers.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Bulgaria across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Bulgaria worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Bulgaria which is a south-eastern European republic bordered to the north by Romania, to the west by Serbia and North Macedonia, to the south by Greece and Turkey, and to the east by the Black Sea. Sofia is its capital and largest city; other main towns are Plovdiv, Varna, and Burgas. It covers 110,994 square kilometers.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Bulgaria Facts
- Know More
- Jumble Bee
- Wow Foodies
- Scrabble Keywords
- Weigh It
- Linking Pix
- Import & Export
- Shopska IG
- 2 Pics 1 Word
- Bulgarian Churches
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Link will appear as Bulgaria Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, May 19, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.