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Český Krumlov is a town in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. Its historic center, centered around the Český Krumlov Castle, is a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1992 and was given this status along with the historic Prague castle district.
See the fact file below for more information on the Český Krumlov or alternatively, you can download our 24-page Český Krumlov worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The town was built around a 13th-century castle with Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque elements by the powerful noble Vítkovci family who played an important role in the political, economic and cultural history of Central Europe.
- Located at a ford of an important trade route in the Kingdom of Bohemia, a settlement arose soon after beneath the castle. The Czech name Krumlov is documented as early as 1259.
- In 1302, the Vítkovci line became extinct and King Wenceslaus II ceded the town and castle to the Rosenberg family (Rožmberkové).
- Peter I of Rosenberg (d. 1347), the Lord Chamberlain of King John of Bohemia, resided here and had the present upper castle erected in the early 14th century.
- The Rosenbergs strongly promoted trade and crafts within the town walls. In the late 15th century, when gold was found next to the town, German miners came to settle, which shifted the ethnic balance even more.
- William of Rosenberg (1535–1592), High Treasurer and High Burgrave of Bohemia, had the castle rebuilt in Renaissance style.
- From 1719 until 1947, the castle belonged to the House of Schwarzenberg.
- The name of the castle, Krumlov, originated from the Latin expression castrum Crumnau or ancient (German crumbenowe). It reflects the configuration of the landscape – “krumben ouwe” means the place on the rugged meadow.
- The Český Krumlov Castle was mentioned for the first time by an Austrian knight, minnesinger Ulrich of Liechtenstein, in his poem Der Frauendienst which dates back to between 1240 and 1242.
- The town Český Krumlov is dominated by two great landmarks: The Chateau Complex and the Gothic Church of St.Vitus.
- The Český Krumlov chateau complex is one of the largest in Central Europe. The complex is composed of more than forty historical buildings, a cylindrical tower reconstructed in its present form in the 16th century, and a unique Baroque theatre with original equipment and fittings.
- Under the castle complex lies the old town with its winding alleys and venerable Gothic and Renaissance houses, many galleries, little shops and inns.
- St. Vitus Cathedral is also situated at Prague Castle and is a majestic Gothic masterpiece. Taking centuries to finish, it is a symbol of pride for the Czech Republic not only because of its grandiose and stunning architecture but also because of the amount of time and work it required to become the breathtaking building it is today.
- The Egon Schiele Art Centrum is a museum and gallery devoted to the Austrian painter Egon Schiele who lived in Český Krumlov, Czech Republic.
- The Egon Schiele Art Centrum was established in 1992 by a group of Czechs, Austrians and Americans. Since 1993, it has presented a permanent exhibition of the works of Egon Schiele in addition to annual displays of 20th-century art by artists such as Picasso, Dalí, and Klimt.
- One of Bohemia’s oldest monasteries, Zlatá Koruna, or the “The Golden Crown”, is a monastery situated on a headland that is surrounded on three sides by the Vltava river. The monastery itself is enclosed and the forecourt is annexed to it from the south-west side. The forecourt is also enclosed with walls.
- The architectural center of the monastery is formed by a convent church (a three-aisled basilica with the transept) that is orientated almost to the north. On the south side, a convent with cloister is also annexed to it. On the north of it is situated the Chapel of Guardian Angels and the so-called little convent is annexed to this chapel. A brewery is situated further on the north buildings of the abbey. Its back courtyard is accessible from the east or the west through the Gothic gates.
- Český Krumlov hosts a number of festivals and other events each year including the Five-Petaled Rose Festival, which is held on the summer solstice weekend.
- The downtown area is turned into a medieval town with craftsmen, artists, musicians and local people in medieval costume. Activities include jousting, fencing, historical dance performances and folk theater in the castle precincts and along the river. It concludes with a fireworks display.
- The International Music Festival Český Krumlov runs from July to August and features international music of various genres.
- Other such events are held throughout the year. Summer music festivals include the blues, rock and soul festival, and the Open Air Krumlov held in late June at Eggenberg Brewery Garden.
Český Krumlov Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Český Krumlov across 24 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Český Krumlov worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Český Krumlov which is a town in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. Its historic center, centered around the Český Krumlov Castle, is a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1992 and was given this status along with the historic Prague castle district.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Český Krumlov Facts
- Color Me!
- Facts Only
- Back Story
- Mix and Match
- It’s a Celebration!
- Word Search
- Just Like Royalty
- First Choice
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Link will appear as Ceský Krumlov Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, June 12, 2018
Use With Any Curriculum
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