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China, officially the People’s Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia and the world’s most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles), it is the world’s second-largest state by land area and third- or fourth-largest by total area
See the fact file below for more facts about China or alternatively download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Capital City: Beijing
Population: 1.4 billion people
Currency: Renminbi (yuan)
Area: Nearly 9.6 sq. kilometres
Government: Unitary one-party socialist republic
- China’s economy is one of the world’s fastest-growing.
- China is a member of the United Nations, WTO, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and the G20.
- China is recognized as a nuclear weapons state and has the world’s largest standing army.
A Brief History of China
- The history of China can be broken down into 3 categories:
1) Ancient History (8500 – 256 BCE)
2) Imperial History (221 BCE – 1912)
3) Modern History (1912 – present)
- The first dynasty in China was the Xia, which emerged around 2100 BCE. It was considered mythical until recent scientific excavations proved otherwise.
- China has an extensive history of dynasties that ruled for thousands of years before the emergence of Imperial China.
- The Republic of China was established on January 1, 1912.
- The republic was unified under the Chinese Nationalist Party in 1928.
- While China began industrializing and expanding, the Second Sino-Japanese War against Japan broke out from 1937-1945.
- Shortly following this conflict, the Chinese Civil War broke out in 1946, shortly after the end of World War II.
- Although China became communist after the Chinese Civil War, “China” was able to obtain a seat in the United Nations General Assembly in 1971.
- They were also selected as one of the five permanent members of the Security Council.
- After the 2000 Presidential election, the People First Party was formed, which promotes the promotion of Chinese culture and strong international relationships.
Geography Of China:
- China is a very geographically diverse country that consists of fertile lowlands, mountainous terrain, rolling plateaus, water basins, and agricultural fields.
- Most of the country’s farmable land is found in the lowland plains.
- 9 of the world’s 17 tallest peaks can be found on China’s western borders, including the Himalayas, Lhotse, Makalu, and Cho Oyu.
- China has 50,000 rivers with a total length of 420,000 km, most of which flow west to east into the Pacific Ocean.
- The Yangtze is the 3rd longest river in the world.
- China is the world’s largest producer of natural graphite and zinc.
- Other major minerals that China produces are gold, iron ore, lead, mercury, natural gas, uranium, and tin.
- China lies in two major ecozones: the Palearctic and the Indomalaya – in the Palearctic you would find mammals such as horses and camels, and in the Indomalaya you would find leopards and various species of monkeys and apes.
- The giant panda is found only in a small area along the Yangtze.
- Over the years, there have been many border disputes in China.
- The climate of China is diverse, ranging from tropical to subarctic.
- Monsoon winds dominate the climate and carries moist, warm air.
- Air and water pollution is a huge problem in China.
Economy & Culture Of China:
- The Chinese culture has been heavily influenced by Confucianism.
- Chinese literature is based on the literature of the Zhou dynasty.
- A revival of Chinese art, literature, music, film, and TV has taken place as a result of the end of the Cultural Revolution.
- China is the 4th most visited country in the world.
- Chinese cuisine is very diverse, but generally there is an emphasis on rice dishes and simple vegetables.
- Chinese cuisine is known for its variety of cooking methods and the various ingredients used.
- Meat is generally reserved for special occasions, and bean products such as tofu and soy are popular sources of protein.
- China has one of the oldest sporting cultures in the world, and physical fitness is very popular.
- Basketball is the most popular spectator sport in China, but martial arts, table tennis, badminton, and swimming are also popular, as well as board games and chess.
- Traditional Chinese medicine is a popular part of Chinese culture.
- The practice focuses on balancing the yin and yang to make people feel complete, healthy, and balanced internally.
- China is the world’s largest trading power. The country invests abroad, and is the largest foreign holder of US public debt.
- China has the second-highest number of billionaires, but the country has a high level of income inequality.
- Until the Ming Dynasty, China was a world leader in science and technology. Since the end of the Cultural Revolution, China has made great investments in scientific research, as well as a very active space program and has the largest market for automobiles.
This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use China Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about Antarctica which is Earth’s southernmost continent and is where the South Pole is located. It is in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere and is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent.
Download includes the following worksheets:
- China Facts.
- Historical Timeline.
- Chinese Writing.
- China Wordsearch.
- Map of China.
- Chinese Cuisine.
- The Great Wall.
- Old and Modern China.
- Design a Postcard.
- China Crossword.
- China Acrostic.
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Link will appear as China Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, October 23, 2017
Use With Any Curriculum
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