Colombia Facts

Colombia Facts

Colombia, known officially as the Republic of Colombia, is a country situated in the northwest of South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru. See the fact file below for more information about Colombia.

Capital
Bogota

Population
41,008,227 (July 2002 est.)

Area
total: 1,138,910 sq km
land: 1,038,700 sq km
note: includes Isla de Malpelo, Roncador Cay, Serrana Bank, and Serranilla Bank
water: 100,210 sq km, slightly less than three times the size of Montana

Type of Government
republic; executive branch dominates government structure

Money
Colombian peso (COP)

Climate
tropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands

Primary Language
Spanish

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