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See the fact file below for more information on the Czech Republic or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Czech Republic worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
HISTORICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL BACKGROUND
- It was in the 5th century when the Slavic tribes from the Vistula Basin inhabited the region of Moravia, Silesia, and Bohemia. By the 10th century, the kingdom of Bohemia was established by the Czechs.
- The Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV placed Prague as the center of Latin scholarship and imperial capital.
- In 1526, Ferdinand I, a Habsburg ascended the throne. By 1618, the Thirty Years’ War began and it ended in 1648.
- After being defeated, the territory became part of the Austrian Empire for 300 years. Independence was only achieved after the end of WWI, along with the collapse of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire.
- On November 14, 1918, Czech territories and Slovakia formed a union which became known as the new Czechoslovakian state.
- During the Second World War, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, and Moravia were occupied by the Germans.
- When the war ended, former governments were resumed and boundaries were also restored.
- In 1946, the Communists dominated the elections and gained control of the government. As a result, the democratic country of Czechoslovakia was turned into a Soviet-style state in 1948.
- For 42 years, Czechoslovakia was under a Communist rule until the election of Vaclav Havel in 1989. Havel, a known playwright was imprisoned by the Communist regime. His advocacy for human rights and democracy gained international attention.
- By the end of 1991, the Slovak nationalist movement sought their independence. During the 1992 general elections, the republics of Czech and Slovak agreed to separate as two independent states.
- On January 1, 1993, two independent countries of Czech Republic and Slovakia were established upon the dissolution of the Czechoslovak federation.
- The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The capital and largest city of Prague is inhabited with about 1.276 million people as of 2011. Other large cities include Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň, and Olomouc.
- Due to its landlocked geographical location, Czech Republic has a relatively high difference during summer and winter.
- It has a total land area of 30,450 square miles.
- After the dissolution of Czechoslovakia, Czech Republic retained the former flag, while Slovakia adopted a new flag. The original flag was based on the flag of Bohemia with white over a red section.
- In 1920, a blue triangle was added to the flag which made it different to the flag of Poland. In 1939, the Nazis banned the use of their flag, while a horizontal tricolor of white, red, and blue was enforced. After the war, the flag was restored.
- The flag’s white over red signifies the heraldic colors of Bohemia, while the blue triangle stands for the State of Moravia.
PEOPLE AND CULTURE
- About 81% of the country’s population are Czech, followed by Slovaks, Polish, Germans, Silesian, Roma, and Hungarians.
- Majority of the population speak Czech, while the minorities speak Slovak, Romani, Polish, and German.
- Religiously, Roman Catholics dominate the country, followed by Protestants, Orthodox, and atheist.
- The currency is Koruna.
- Among the Czechs traditional food include Koprova, Gulas, Vepřo Knedlo Zelo, and Bramboraky.
- The Czech are known to be the highest beer consumers in the world. Breweries began in the country in 993. Today, several beer festivals are held annually.
GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
- The Czech Republic practice a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic. The President serves as the head of state, while a Prime Minister as the head of government.
- The Parliament is divided into Chamber of Deputies and the Senate, with a total of 281 members combined.
- Despite its multi-party system, the Czech Social Democratic Party and Civic Democratic Party are considered the largest since 1993.
- Separately, the judicial system focuses on constitutional issues.
- In June 2018, billionaire Andrej Babis once again became Czech Republic’s Prime Minister.
Czech Republic Worksheets
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Czech Republic across 21 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Czech Republic worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Czech Republic is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany, Austria, Slovakia, and Poland. Also known as Czechia, the capital city, Prague, is famous for Gothic architecture.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Czech Republic Facts
- Around Czech
- Only in Czech
- Fascinating Facts
- From the Past
- Is it TRUE?
- Story to Tell
- Word Finder
- Czeching Flag
- War Time
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Link will appear as Czech Republic Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, May 27, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.