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Delhi is the city and national capital territory of India. The city is divided into two: Old Delhi located in the north, and New Delhi in the south, which has served as India’s capital since 1947.
See the fact file below for more information on the Delhi or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Delhi worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
GEOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
- Geographically, Delhi is situated near the west bank of the Yamuna River, about 100 miles south of the Himalayas. It is generally surrounded by the metropolitan region. On the eastern part is the state of Uttar Pradesh and the state of Haryana in the north, west, and south.
- According to legends, it was Raja Dhilu who ruled as king of the region in the 1st century BCE. The terms Delhi, Dehli, and Dhili are believed to be corruptions of his name.
- In is believed that the history of the city is as old as the tale of Mahabharata.
- Historical, modern Delhi was known as Indraprastha, the capital of the Pandavas. After the rule the Khaljis and Tughlaqs, Delhi was ruled by the Mughals.
- In 1192, after the capture of the Rajput town, the Sultanate of Delhi was established in 1206.
- However, it ended in 1393, upon the Taimur invasion. The Lodis served as the last sultans of Delhi.
- In 1526, the Mughal Empire with Agra as capital was founded by Babur after the battle of Panipat.
- By 1638, the walls of Old Delhi were built by Shah Jahan, which made Delhi the permanent capital of the Mughal Empire.
- For many decades, Delhi was ruled by both Hindu Kings and Muslim Sultans.
- In 1803, Delhi became part of the British Empire and so the city’s administration. By 1911, Calcutta was assigned as India’s capital from Delhi. With the change of capital came the creation of New Delhi the following year.
- After its independence in 1947 from the British, New Delhi was declared as the capital of India.
- The climate in Delhi is described as extremely dry with hot summers.
PEOPLE AND CULTURE
- Amidst being colonized by the British, Punjabi influence in language, clothing, and cuisine is evident.
- More than a thousand heritage buildings and about 175 monuments were recognised by the Archeological Survey of India as national heritage sites.
- Three of World heritage Sites located in Delhi are the Red Fort, Qutub Minar, and Humayun’s Tomb.
- Delhiites celebrate Republic Day and Independence day each year with massive cultural festival and military parades.
- Dominantly composed of Hindus, they celebrate religious festivals like Diwali, Raksha Bandhan, Holi, Lohri, Moharram, Khrishna Janmastami, and Buddha Jayanti.
- Influenced by the Mughals, kebab, biryani, tandoori, dal makhani, aloo, chaat, jalebi, and lassi are among their famous cuisine.
- In terms of tourism, in 2015, Delhi ranked 1st as the most visited city in India and 28th in the world. Among the prominent landmarks in the city is the India Gate, which was built in 1931 to commemorate the soldiers of the British Indian Army who died during the First World War.
- The largest Hindu temple, Akshardham is located in Delhi.
- As of 2018, there are about 1,352,617,328 people in India. In 2011, about 11,007,835 are living in Delhi, making it the second most populated city in the country next to Mumbai with almost 12.5 million.
- One of the largest spice markets in Asia, Khari Baoli is located in Delhi.
- Amidst the real problem of pollution in India, about 20% of Delhi’s territory is covered by forests and so it remains one of the greenest cities in the world.
- In and around Delhi, about 1,440,000 people work in the manufacturing sector, making the city one of the country’s largest and fastest growing retail industries.
- In celebration of the history of sanitation and toilets, the International Toilet Museum is found in Delhi.
- As of 2014, Delhi’s most spoken language is Hindi with 81%, followed by Punjabi, Urdu, and Bengali.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Delhi across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Delhi worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Delhi which is the city and national capital territory of India. The city is divided into two: Old Delhi located in the north, and New Delhi in the south, which has served as India’s capital since 1947.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Delhi, India Facts
- Delhi Architecture
- India’s Finest
- Delicious Delhi
- A Time in Delhi
- World’s Capital Cities
- A Walled City
- Only in Delhi
- Asian Spice
- Old and New Delhi
- On Tour
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Link will appear as Delhi Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, September 23, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.