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Dhaulagiri, the seventh highest mountain in the world, is situated in Nepal and forms part of the Dhaulagiri mountain range. Its name is derived from Sanskrit, where it means ‘white beautiful mountain’. First ascended in 1960, the mountain has since been climbed successfully hundred of times.
See the fact file below for more information on the Dhaulagiri or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Dhaulagiri worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The Dhaulagiri massif in Nepal extends 120 kilometers from the Kaligandaki River west to the Bheri. This massif is bounded to the north and southwest by tributaries of the Bheri River and to the southeast by the Myagdi Khola.
- Dhaulagiri is 8,167 meters above sea level, and was first climbed on May 13, 1960 by a Swiss/Austrian/Nepali expedition.
- Many of Dhaulagiri’s snow- and glacier-covered peaks exceed 25,000 feet (7,620 meters). With a south wall that rises vertically some 15,000 feet (4,600 meters), the peak’s steep sides and bitterly cold climate prevented an ascent to the top.
- Upon its discovery in 1808, Dhaulagiri was thought to be the world’s highest mountain, displacing Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador.
- Dhaulagiri stands over the great Kali Gandaki Valley, which by some measures is the deepest gorge on earth.
- Looking north from the plains of India, most 8,000-meter peaks are obscured by nearer mountains, but on a clear day Dhaulagiri can be seen from northern Bihar and as far south as Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh.
- In 1838, Kangchenjunga, 8,586 meters high, replaced Dhaulagiri as the highest mountain, followed by Mount Everest in 1858.
- Dhaulagiri’s sudden rise from lower terrain is almost unequaled. It rises 7,000 m (22,970 ft) from the Kali Gandaki River, 30 km southeast.
- The south and west faces reach over 4,000 m (13,120 ft).
- The south face of Gurja Himal in the same massif is also notably immense.
- Most ascents have followed the northeast ridge route of the first ascent, but people have climbed from most directions.
- As of 2007, there had been 358 successful ascents and 58 fatalities, a summit to fatality rate of 16.2%.
- Between 1950 and 2006, 2.88% of the 2,016 expedition members and staff who went above base camp on Dhaulagiri died. On all 8,000-meter peaks in Nepal, the death rate was 1.63%, ranging from 0.65% on Cho Oyu to 4.04% on Annapurna I and 3.05% on Manaslu.
- In 2008, Fredrik Ericsson attempted to make the first ever ski descent of Dhaulagiri. However, bad weather conditions forced him to turn around at 8000m, just short of the top, from where he made a 3000m vertical ski descent.
- Dhaulagiri II: 25,340 feet (7,751 meters); 2,391 meters of prominence; 30th highest mountain in the world.
- Dhaulagiri III: 25,311 feet (7,715 meters); 135 meters of prominence (not enough to be a separate mountain in Himalaya).
- Dhaulagiri IV: 25,135 feet (7,661 meters); 469 meters of prominence (not enough to be a separate mountain in Himalaya).
- Dhaulagiri V: 24,992 feet (7,618 meters): 340 meters of prominence (not enough to be a separate mountain in Himalaya).
DEATH AND DISASTER
- As of 2015, there have been 70 climber fatalities on Dhaulagiri. The first death was on June 30, 1954 when Argentine climber Francisco Ibanez died.
- Most of the fatalities were due to avalanches, including seven Americans and Sherpas on April 28, 1969; 2 French climbers on May 13, 1979; two Spanish climbers on May 12, 2007; and three Japanese and one Sherpa on September 28, 2010. Other climbers died from altitude sickness, falling into crevasses, disappearing on the mountain, and after suffering exhaustion.
- In 1969, an 11-man expedition of American and Sherpa climbers led by Boyd Everett attempted the unclimbed knife-edge Southeast Ridge of Dhaulagiri.
- At about 17,000 feet, six Americans and two Sherpas were bridging a 10-foot-wide crevasse when a massive avalanche swept away all but Louis Reichardt. At the time, this was the worst disaster in Nepalese climbing history.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Dhaulagiri across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Dhaulagiri worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Dhaulagiri, the seventh highest mountain in the world, which is situated in Nepal and forms part of the Dhaulagiri mountain range. Its name is derived from Sanskrit, where it means ‘white beautiful mountain’. First ascended in 1960, the mountain has since been climbed successfully hundred of times.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Dhaulagiri Facts
- Complete the Information
- Dhaulagiri Timeline
- Nepal Mountains
- Fact or Bluff?
- More of Dhaulagiri
- Why and Why Not?
- Around the World
- Death and Disaster
- Dhaulagiri Vs Everest
- Broadcast It
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Link will appear as Dhaulagiri Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 28, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
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