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Edirne, historically known as Adrianople, is a city in the northwest Turkey close to Turkey’s borders with Greece and Bulgaria. Edirne served as the third capital city of the Ottoman Empire from 1369 to 1453, before Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) became the empire’s fourth and final capital between 1453 and 1922.
See the fact file below for more information on the Edirne or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Edirne worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- The city was founded as Hadrianopolis, named after the Roman emperor Hadrian, which is still used in the modern Greek language.
- The name Adrianople was used in English until the Turkish adoption of the Latin alphabet in 1928 made Edirne the internationally recognized name.
- Edirne was originally called Uskudama and probably first settled by Thracian tribes.
- About 125 CE it was (re)founded by Roman Emperor Hadrian who named it after himself as Hadrianopolis.
- In 378, the city became the site of the Battle of Adrianople, in which the Goths dealt Rome a crushing defeat and it was besieged by the Avars in 586.
- In the 10th century, the city was captured by the Bulgars and was ransacked twice by Crusaders until it fell to the Ottomans in 1362.
- At that time, Ederni served as the forward base for Ottoman expansion into Europe then later served as the capital of the Ottoman Empire from 1413 until 1458 and flourished as an administrative, commercial, and cultural centre.
- In 1829 and 1878, Edirne was occupied by the Russians.
- Then during the First Balkan War in 1913 , it was taken by the Bulgarians and successfully was retaken by the Turks again that same year.
- In 1920, during the Turkish War of Independence, it was captured by the Greeks and was finally restored to Turkey in 1922.
- The center of the city has different beautiful mosques and other buildings of note.
- The Mosque of Selim (Selimiye Cami) is the most spectacular of these, a masterpiece of the celebrated Ottoman court architect Sinan.
- Built between 1569 and 1575, the mosque has the highest minarets in Turkey, at 70.90 m (232.6 ft) and a cupola 3 or 4 ft (0.91 or 1.22 m).
- The Mosque Complex was nominated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2011.
- The Eski Cami, also called Old Mosque, is an early 15th century Ottoman mosque in Edirne (formerly Adrianople), Turkey.
- It was built from the order of Emir Süleyman and completed under the rule of his brother, Sultan Mehmet I.
- Burmalı Cami (Serpent Mosque) is also known as Üç Şerefeli Mosque.
- It was commissioned by Ottoman Sultan Murad II (1421–1444,1446– 1451), and built between 1438 and 1447 but unfortunately the architect of the mosque is not known.
PLACE TO VISIT
- Edirne Palace, formerly New Imperial Palace, is a former a palace of the Ottoman sultans in Edirne mostly during the era when the city was the capital of the empire.
- Some of the palace buildings have survived until now, however works are underway for its reconstruction.
- The Trakya University’s Bayezid II Külliye Health Museum is another notable building. It is an important monument with its complex construction comprising many facilities used in those times.
- The Balkan Wars Memorial Cemetery is situated close to the Edirne Palace, with an unknown soldier monument featuring an Ottoman soldier in front of its entrance.
- The historic Grand Synagogue of Edirne, abandoned and ruined, was restored and reopened in March of 2015.
- A Roman Catholic and two Bulgarian Orthodox churches are found in the city.
- Edirne has three historical bazaars: Arasta, next to Selimiye Mosque, Bedesten next to Eski Cami, and Ali Paşa Çarşısı (Ali Pasha Bazaar).
- Edirne also has several historical arch bridges crossing over the Meriç river and Tundzha river, which flow west and south of the city.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Edirne across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Edirne worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Edirne, historically known as Adrianople, which is a city in the northwest Turkey close to Turkey’s borders with Greece and Bulgaria. Edirne served as the third capital city of the Ottoman Empire from 1369 to 1453, before Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) became the empire’s fourth and final capital between 1453 and 1922.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Edirne Facts
- Edirne Timeline
- More Edirne Facts
- Hadrian’s Bio
- Famous Places
- Selimiye Mosques
- Historical Bazaars
- Edirne Vocabulary
- True or False
- Mosques Collage
- My Edirne
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Link will appear as Edirne Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 20, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
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