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Table of Contents
Eritrea is a small country on the eastern coast of Africa. Its official name is The State of Eritrea and the capital city is Asmara (Asmera).
See the fact file below for more information on the Eritrea or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Eritrea worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Eritrea shares borders with Ethiopia and Sudan, including Djibouti.
- Asmara is recognized for its Italian colonial buildings, like St. Joseph’s Cathedral, and art deco structures.
- The Italian, Egyptian, and Turkish architecture in Massawa reflects the port city’s colorful history.
- Notable buildings in Eritrea include St. Mariam Cathedral and the Imperial Palace.
- The land that is now Eritrea was governed by various powers throughout the Red Sea area for most of history.
- The Italians took control and made Eritrea a colony in 1885.
- They attempted to use the land as a base to take over Ethiopia but they failed.
- Italy lost the land to Great Britain after World War II and in 1952 the land was merged with Ethiopia into a single country.
- The Eritreans desired their own country as they felt they would not be treated reasonably by the Ethiopians. They were rejected, however.
- The Eritreans rebelled and fought for their freedom for thirty years.
- They finally achieved their independence on May 24, 1993.
- Eritrea is one of the newest countries in the world.
- They still have hostilities with Ethiopia and a fight over the border separating the two countries.
- The EPLF seized power, authorized a one-party state along nationalist lines, and banned further political activity.
- There have been no elections in Eritrea and they have had only one president since independence, Isaias Afwerki.
- Eritrea covers a total area estimated to be around 117,600 square km which is equivalent to 45,400 square miles making it the 99th largest nation on earth in terms of land coverage, slightly larger than Pennsylvania.
- According to the study conducted by the World Bank in 2011, Eritrea’s population is approximated to be 4.475 million people. But as per January 1, 2017, the population was estimated to be about 5,393,998 individuals.
- Eritrea encounters varying climatic conditions. A hot, dry desert strip along the Red Sea coast and cooler and wetter in the central highlands. Asmara has a pleasant climatic condition with a mean temperature of 16 degrees and an annual rainfall of 508 mm.
- The largest mountain in Eritrea is Mount Emba Soria, whose height is estimated to be about 3,018 meters (9,902 ft.) above sea level, and the lowest point is known as the Denakil Depression, known to be among the Earth’s hottest destinations.
- The capital city of Eritrea is Asmara, which is also referred to as the New Rome or Italy’s African City because it projects a unique Italian trace.
- The word Asmara is defined as “made the united” according to the Tigriyan language from which it is derived.
- Asmara covers a total area of 4,694 square miles with the total population calculated to be approximately 804,000 people.
- There are several different languages that are spoken in Eritrea. But, there is no specific language that has been established in the constitution as the national language. This is because the constitution acknowledges all languages as equal. Tigrinya is the most basic language in Eritrea. Different languages spoken in Eritrea are Arabic, English, Saho, Bilen, and Tigre among others.
- The common religions in Eritrea are Christianity and Islam, whereby Christianity is common in Asmara while Islam is common in the shore region as well as lowlands of Eritrea.
- The type of government in Eritrea is a transitional government, a country where elections are always planned but none has ever happened.
- The nationality of Eritrea is called Eritrean.
- Eritrea’s national symbol is a camel.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Eritrea across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Eritrea worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Eritrea which is a small country on the eastern coast of Africa. Its official name is The State of Eritrea and the capital city is Asmara (Asmera).
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Eritrea Facts
- Hot Facts
- Eritrea Timeline
- Caption Needed
- Only President
- Newest Countries
- All About Eritrea Andorra
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Link will appear as Eritrea Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, July 27, 2020
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