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Finland is a country located in Northern Europe and borders the Baltic Sea. Its total area is 338,145 square kilometers and the country has an estimated population of 5.54 million in 2020. Finland is Europe’s eighth-largest country. Its capital is Helsinki, the largest city in the country.
See the fact file below for more information on the Finland or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Finland worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Finland is bordered by Norway to the north, Russia to the east, the Finnish Gulf to the south, the Bothnian Gulf to the south-west, and Sweden to the north-west. With only 16 inhabitants per km², Finland is the most sparsely populated country in the European Union.
- The inland waters of Finland occupy nearly one-tenth of the total area of the country. Its territory has 187,888 lakes and 179,584 islands.
- The largest lake in Finland is Saimaa, which is also the fourth-largest lake in Europe. The lake is also home to the world’s rarest freshwater seal, the Saimaa ringed seal.
- A quarter of Finland’s territory suffers from extremely severe and prolonged winters.
- Temperatures drop to −30°C. The snow never melts from the north-facing mountain slopes in these latitudes, but in the short summer (Lapland has about two months of midnight sun), from May to July, temperatures reach as high as 27°C.
- Finland’s climate is characterized by long, cold winters and short, dry, and moderately rainy summers. Its closeness to Russia makes Finland one of the countries with the coldest air.
ECONOMY AND POLITICS
- Finland’s economy is largely based on private ownership and free enterprise, however the government exercises a monopoly or a leading role in some sectors.
- The unemployment rate was relatively low in 1994.
- Finland’s constitution determines the political system. Finland is a parliamentary republic within a representative democratic structure.
- The Prime Minister is the most influential person in the country.
- Finland’s head of state is the President of the Republic of Finland. For the majority of its time as an independent nation, Finland has had a semi-presidential system.
CULTURE AND PEOPLE
- Finland is an egalitarian society which uses gender-neutral terminology and has a history of sexual equality. In 1906, Finland was Europe’s first country to grant women equal voting rights.
- In April 2003, Finland elected its first female prime minister (Anneli Jäätteenmäki), making it Europe’s only country with a female president (Tarja Halonen) and prime minister.
- The official languages of Finland are Finnish (89 percent) and Swedish (5 percent). The Indigenous language is the Sami language. 63 percent of the population speaks English. A percentage of the population speaks Russian too.
- Finland’s education system rates as one of the best in the world. Kids don’t go to school until they’re seven and it’s not mandatory to give them grades until eighth grade.
- Northern Lights. In Finland, the most impressive light show in nature, the Aurora Borealis or Northern Lights, can be seen from glass igloos and luxury suites in a selection of purpose-built spaces.
- It is visible in Finnish Lapland on about 200 nights a year, or every other clear night.
- Suomenlinna Fortress. One of the largest seaside fortresses in the world, Suomenlinna’s 18th-century fort is a 15-minute ferry ride from Helsinki’s market square. Tourists usually start with an audio-visual experience of its history, then explore its tunnels and museums, and walk the trails across the beautiful island.
- Kauppatori (Market Square). Helsinki’s harbor is an integral part of the city which overlooks important landmarks. It is also a popular meeting place, with an open-air market with local farmers, craftsmen, food producers, and fishermen selling directly from their boats.
FOOD TO TRY
- Karjalanpiirakka (rice pies). Karjalanpiirakka is a very popular Finnish pastry originally from the Karelia region. Traditionally, the rye crust is filled with rice porridge and egg buttered on top. It is eaten for breakfast, as a snack, and even at weddings.
- Graavilohi (cured salmon). Graavilohi is a Nordic, raw salmon dish that has been cured in salt, sugar and dill. It is thinly sliced and often served as an appetizer with a dill or mustard sauce on bread or boiled potatoes.
- Salmiakki (salty liquorice). Salmiakki is a type of liqueur flavored to have an astringent, salty taste with ammonium chloride. Salty liquorice is usually eaten alone, but can also flavor other things like ice cream.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Finland across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Finland worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Finland which is a country located in Northern Europe and borders the Baltic Sea. Its total area is 338,145 square kilometers and the country has an estimated population of 5.54 million in 2020. Finland is Europe’s eighth-largest country. Its capital is Helsinki, the largest city in the country.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Finland Facts
- About Finland
- Happiest Country
- Fun Facts
- The Flag of Finland
- Girl Power
- Finland Tour
- Jumbled Letters
- Finland Innovations
- Sleepy Head
- Northern Lights
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Link will appear as Finland Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, March 20, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.