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Haiti is a country located in the Caribbean Sea. It covers the western third of Hispaniola Island and smaller islands like Gonâve, Tortue, Grande Caye, and Vache. Its capital is Port-au-Prince.
See the fact file below for more information on the Haiti or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Haiti worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Haiti is bordered by the Dominican Republic to the east which covers the rest of Hispaniola, the Caribbean to the south and west, and the Atlantic Ocean to the north.
- Cuba is located about 50 miles (80 km) west of the northern peninsula of Haiti, Jamaica is about 120 miles west, and Great Inagua Island comprising the Bahamas is 70 miles north.
- The coasts of Haiti are typically rocky, with steep cliffs and a number of excellent natural harbours.
- The foundation of Hispaniola Island is composed of four main mountain ranges stretching from west to east: Cordillera Septentrional, Massif du Nord, Matheux Mountains, and the Massif de la Selle.
- Haiti has a hot, humid tropical climate with diurnal temperature variations that are greater than the annual variations; temperatures are impacted by elevation.
- Average temperatures range from the high 70s F in January and February to the mid-80s F in July and August.
- Wildlife has lost its habitat and shelter due to natural vegetation receding – there are no more wild boars, guinea fowl, nor wild ducks.
- Nothing has been done to protect the flora and fauna of Haiti and few national or regional parks have been established.
- Nearly the entire population of Haiti is from African roots. A small number of people of mixed European and African descent (called mulattoes) make up the wealthy elite and represent most of the rest.
- The primary languages are Haitian Creole (Kweyol, or Kreyol), and French. Typically, Creole is used in everyday life, and French is used in more formal situations. French is the second language of about one-tenth of the population.
- Written Creole is not commonly recognized as the school system maintains French as the primary instructional language.
- Much of Haitian Creole’s vocabulary comes from French but in its morphology it is similar to the Caribbean and Indian Ocean Creole languages.
- Haiti has no official religion, and religious freedom is protected by constitution.
- More than half of the population practices Roman Catholicism, the dominant Christian sect, and about one-fourth is Protestant or independent Christian.
- By a number of measures Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Around four-fifths of the population live in absolute poverty, and as many as three-fifths of the population are unemployed or underemployed.
- Conventional secure wage-earning occupations are substantially less common than casual or self-employed workers. In the so-called “informal” sector, which includes street vending, doing odd jobs, working abroad and engaging in illegal activities such as smuggling, the vast majority of Haitians are at work almost daily.
- The most common livestock are goats and cattle, with fewer pigs and horses. There is a certain amount of production of poultry.
- However, there are some fisheries in Haiti, in small ponds and numerous canals. Since the majority of fishing boats are small and poorly fitted, there is potential for a commercial fishing industry.
- Education is legally mandatory for children aged 6 to 12 but due to a shortage of facilities and teachers, only a small proportion of Haitian children attend school, often in private or church-run institutions.
- Around three-fifths of the adult population is literate; in rural areas the rate of illiteracy is higher than in towns.
- The curriculum is based on the French model, and the main language of instruction is English. This structure has produced a small elite, who have made outstanding cultural contributions.
- Haiti’s constitution is a semi-presidential republic, a multiparty structure in which the president is head of state and directly elected by popular elections every five years. The prime minister serves as head of government and is named by the president, chosen in the National Assembly by the majority party.
- Haiti is divided into ten administrative departments. The departments are further broken down into 42 districts, 145 municipalities, and 571 communal parts. These serve as, respectively, second- and third-level administrative divisions.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Haiti across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Haiti worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Haiti which is a country located in the Caribbean Sea. It covers the western third of Hispaniola Island and smaller islands like Gonâve, Tortue, Grande Caye, and Vache. Its capital is Port-au-Prince.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Haiti Facts
- Fascinating Haiti
- General Info
- Beach on the Go
- Flag of Haiti
- 2010 Earthquake
- Let’s Eat
- 4 Pics, 1 Word
- The Destroyers
- Poorest Country
- Words for an Essay
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Link will appear as Haiti Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, April 13, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.