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Hangzhou is the capital of Zhejiang province in East China. It’s the 4th largest city in China, widely known as the commercial hub in Mainland China, and home to many of Chinese startups and technology companies, including Alibaba as the e-commerce giant in China. In 2022, Hangzhou is expected to host the upcoming Asian Games.
See the fact file below for more information on the Hangzhou or alternatively, you can download our 23-page Hangzhou worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Hangzhou is recognized for its rich cultural histories. It can be divided into three phases, which are: 1) the early history; 2) the medieval history; and 3) modern history.
- In early history period, there were lots of Hemudu people living nearby Hangzhou area. They had existed since 5000 – 4000 BC. These people were the first group to cultivate rice in China. Aside from cultivating rice, they also had particular skills in pottery-making.
- In medieval history period, Hangzhou was selected as the seat of the prefecture in AD 589. Hangzhou started to foster and undergo major developments during the leadership of Bai Juyi during the Tang Dynasty. He was perceived as a great governor, since he improved the livelihood of local people, by building a new dam to control the flow of water and providing solutions for the drought problem.
- Around the 13th century, Hangzhou started to receive Arab and Egyptian merchants to do trade activities. The merchants described Hangzhou as a town filled with large family estates and stated that it had twelve thousand bridges.
- Hangzhou remained as an important trade center for centuries until the occupation of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom in 1856 and 1860. The conquest had damaged the city heavily, and later was retaken by the Qing army.
- In the modern history period, Hangzhou was ruled by the Republic of China government under the Kuomintang from 1927 to 1937. It was later occupied by Japan from 1937 to 1945. Hangzhou remained to be led under the communist influence until the end of 1978, and accelerate its development to be the one of China’s most prosperous cities.
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
- Hangzhou is situated in the northwestern of Zhejiang province, at the southern part of Grand Canal of China, which is crowned by UNESCO as the longest and oldest artificial river in the world.
- Hangzhou has a humid subtropical climate, characterized by a long and very hot summers and cloudy winters with occasional snows. Like other areas in East Asia, Hangzhou usually suffers typhoon storms from August to September.
DEMOGRAPHIC AND ECONOMY
- According to the 2010 census, Hangzhou city had a total population of 5,162,039 people, with an increase of 4.8% per year since the 2000 census.
- Hangzhou became an important logistic hub for Coastal China due to its strategic locations. The industries of agriculture, light, and textiles also contribute to Hangzhou’s rapid economy growth. As a result, in 2018 the Global Financial Centers Index put Hangzhou in the 89th rank as the city with most substantial development in financial sector.
THE CREATION OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ZONE
- The Government of Hangzhou has strong ambitions to accelerate the development of Hangzhou through establishing three exclusive zones.
- The first was Hangzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone. It was established in 1993 and covers an area of 104.7 km square feet. This zone is used to encourage industries to develop their technology and create unique products in electronic information, biological medicine, household appliances, and many more.
- The third was Hangzhou Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone. The zone was known as the ‘Silicon Valley’ of China since it is the home base to many high-tech industries. There are more than 1,100 software developers who established their companies in this area, including Alibaba, Motorola, Nokia, and Siemens.
THINGS TO DO AND THINGS TO EAT
- Hangzhou is an ancient city with rich cultural heritage and authentic cuisine. Hangzhou is famously known for its silk, tea culture, and Chinese opera performances.
- The China National Silk Museum, located near the West Lake, is crowned as the largest silk museum in the world. It is the home to many Chinese textile relics, which existed since thousands of years ago.
- The China National Tea Museum is the only tea-themed museum in China. Here, visitors can learn about the history and development of tea.
- For the opera performances, watching Yue opera in Hangzhou is a must-thing to do. Yue opera, or shaoxing opera, involves gender-reversed roles, where the actress usually plays male characters, and vice versa. The Yue opera is the 2nd most prominent Chinese opera apart from Peking opera.
- Last but not least, Hangzhou is tied with Amsterdam for having the largest bike sharing system in the world. Visitors can stroll around Hangzhou city with thousands of bicycles scattered around the town.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Hangzhou across 23 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Hangzhou worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Hangzhou which is the capital of Zhejiang province in East China. It’s the 4th largest city in China, widely known as the commercial hub in Mainland China, and home to many of Chinese startups and technology companies, including Alibaba as the e-commerce giant in China. In 2022, Hangzhou is expected to host the upcoming Asian Games.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Hangzhou Facts
- The Story of Hangzhou
- My Hangzhou Impression
- The Lanterns of Truth
- Sketch the City
- Explore the City
- Dear, Hangzhou
- Let’s Talk!
- Know the Fest
- Movie Time!
- Food Coma
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Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.