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Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam. It is known for its centuries-old architecture and rich culture with Southeast Asian, Chinese, and French influences. At its heart is the chaotic Old Quarter, where the narrow streets are roughly arranged by trade.
See the fact file below for more information on the Hanoi or alternatively, you can download our 19-page Hanoi worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Hanoi, located on the banks of the Red River, is one of the most ancient capitals in the world, where travellers can find well-preserved colonial buildings, ancient pagodas, and unique museums within the city centre.
- A great place to explore on foot, this French-colonial city is also known for its delectable cuisine, vibrant nightlife, silks, and handicrafts, as well as a multicultural community that’s made up of Chinese, French, and Russian influences.
- Its tranquil countryside is a short drive away, featuring lush parks, verdant mountains, and traditional villages, and not forgetting, the iconic Ha Long Bay.
- The region around present-day Hanoi was settled in prehistoric times, and the location was often chosen as a political centre by Chinese conquerors.
- In 1010, Ly Thai To, the first ruler of the Ly dynasty (1009–1225) of Vietnam, chose the site of Hanoi—then called Thang Long (“Rising Dragon”)—for his capital.
- Thang Long remained the main capital of Vietnam until 1802, when the last Vietnamese dynasty, the Nguyen (1802–1945), transferred the capital south to Hue.
- The city occasionally was renamed for periods of time, and one of these names, Dong Kinh, given to it during the Later Le dynasty (1428–1787), became corrupted by Europeans to Tonquin.
- During the French colonial period (1883–1945) the name Tonkin was used to refer to the entire region. In 1831 the city was renamed Ha Noi (“Between Two Rivers”) by the Nguyen dynasty.
- Under the French rule, Hanoi again became an important administrative center. In 1902 it was made the capital of French Indochina. This was largely because of Tonkin’s proximity to southern China, where the French sought to expand their influence, and because of Tonkin’s mineral resources.
- Hanoi remained the administrative center during the Japanese occupation (1940–45) of the territory.
- In August 1945, following the Japanese surrender, the Viet Minh under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh seized power in Hanoi, and the city was established as the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
THE CONTEMPORARY CITY
- Since 1954 Hanoi has been transformed from a primarily commercial city into an industrial and agricultural center.
- Manufactures include machine tools, electric generators and motors, plywood, textiles, chemicals, and matches.
- Rice, fruits, vegetables, cereals, and industrial crops are grown in the surrounding area.
- Hanoi is also a communications center. Roads link Hanoi with other major Vietnamese cities, and railway lines provide access to its port of Haiphong; to Kunming in Yunnan province, China; and to Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon). Small oceangoing vessels can sail to Hanoi on the Red River, and many small rivers are navigable from the capital to most parts of northern Vietnam. Hanoi has two airports.
- Many of Hanoi’s centuries-old monuments and palaces have been destroyed by foreign aggression and civil war, but there remain several historical and scenic points. Among the latter is Lake Hoan Kiem (“Lake of the Restored Sword”).
- There are ancient and preserved Vietnamese culture in the city which is felt most keenly by visitors, and progress wrestles with tradition in different districts of the city.
- Hanoi is actually over 1000 years old so the wealth of history here is mind boggling.
- The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long is an intriguing relic of Vietnam’s history.
- It also signifies historical and cultural importance, which is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Standing 40 meters high, the central flag tower is the most recognizable feature of the Imperial Citadel and is often used as a symbol of Hanoi.
- Ho Chi Minh left an indelible mark on Vietnamese history and was revered in Hanoi as the country’s greatest leader. Nicknamed ‘Uncle Ho’ by locals, his preserved body is now laid to rest in a glass case in the Ba Dinh area of Hanoi.
- A distinctive Hanoi delicacy, cha ca is a white fish seasoned with garlic, ginger, turmeric, and dill served on sizzling pan. Cha ca is so popular amongst locals that there’s a street in Hanoi Old Quarter named after it. The best place to enjoy this seafood delicacy is at Cha Ca Thang Long on Duong Thanh Street.
- Mien xao luon is another tasty option for seafood lovers, comprising stir-fried glass noodles in an eel-based broth with generous toppings of crunchy eels, bean sprouts, egg, cucumber slices, fried shallots, and purple perilla.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Hanoi across 19 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Hanoi worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Hanoi which is the capital of Vietnam. It is known for its centuries-old architecture and rich culture with Southeast Asian, Chinese, and French influences. At its heart is the chaotic Old Quarter, where the narrow streets are roughly arranged by trade.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Hanoi Facts
- The Facts
- Periods of History
- Only in Hanoi
- True or False
- Delicious Hanoi
- Relate It
- My City
- Around Hanoi
- Make a Word
- I’m a Newscaster
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Link will appear as Hanoi Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, October 31, 2019
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.