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Harare is the capital and the most populous city of Zimbabwe. Its official name is Salisbury and was changed to Harare on April 18, 1982 – the second anniversary of Zimbabwean independence. Harare’s name was taken from the village near Harare Kopje of the Shona chief Neharawa, whose nickname was “he who does not sleep”.
See the fact file below for more information on the Harare or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Harare worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- Harare’s built-up area, including nearby towns and villages, encompasses 320 square miles. In 2015, there were an estimated 2.2 million people living in the city of Harare plus the surrounding built-up area.
- At the country level, Zimbabwe’s land area covers 149,362 square miles. The national population count was 14.5 million inhabitants as of July 2016. For Zimbabwe overall, population density drops to an average 97 inhabitants per square mile.
- On April 18, 1980, Zimbabwe separated from the United Kingdom.
- Zimbabweans celebrate Independence Day as a public holiday each April 18.
- Population density is higher within the built-up area including the capital city Harare, combining for an average 6,900 residents per square mile.
- The city sits on one of the higher parts of the Highveld plateau of Zimbabwe at an elevation of 1,483 metres (4,865 feet). The original landscape could be described as a “parkland”.
- Under the Köppen climate classification, Harare has a subtropical highland climate, an oceanic climate variety. Because the city is situated on a plateau, its high altitude and cool south-easterly airflow cause it to have a climate that is cooler and drier than a tropical or subtropical climate.
- There are three main seasons: a warm, wet season from November to March/April; a cool, dry season from May to August; and a hot, dry season in September/October.
- The hottest year on record was 1914 with 33.9 °C and the coldest year was 1965 with 4.4 °C.
- The climate supports a natural vegetation of open woodland. The Jacaranda and the Flamboyant from South America and Madagascar respectively, contribute to the city’s colour palette with streets lined with either the lilac blossoms of the Jacaranda or the flame red blooms from the Flamboyant.
ECONOMY AND EDUCATION
- Harare is Zimbabwe’s leading financial, commercial, and communications centre, as well as a trade centre for tobacco, maize, cotton, and citrus fruits.
- Manufacturing, including textiles, steel, and chemicals are also economically significant, as is local gold mining.
- The University of Zimbabwe was founded in 1952, the country’s oldest university, is located in Harare, as are several other colleges and universities.
- Harare, Zimbabwe’s education system consists of 7 years of primary and 6 years of secondary schooling before students can enter university in country or abroad.
- The academic year in Zimbabwe runs from January to December, with three month terms, broken up by one month holidays, with a total of 40 weeks of school per year.
- The public transport system within the city includes both public and private sector operations. The former consist of ZUPCO (Zimbabwe United Passenger Company) buses and National Railways of Zimbabwe commuter trains.
- Privately owned public transport comprised licensed station wagons, nicknamed emergency taxis until the mid-1990s.
FOOD PLACES AND TOURIST SPOT
- Gava’s, the best and most popular traditional eatery is located at Belgravia Sports Club. A selection of starches, meats, and vegetables are prepared daily.
- The dishes include Mupunga une Dovi (peanut butter rice), Sadza (a thickened porridge made from grain and served with meat and vegetables), and tsunga (mustard greens).
- Meikles Hotel, located in the CBD across from the historic Africa Unity Square, is the perfect spot for an afternoon break. Enjoy the delicate flavours of jam and cream scones, pastries, cakes, and sandwiches while marvelling at the majesty of a hotel that has been a central feature of Harare.
- Haka Game Park, just 10 minutes from Harare’s city centre, has picnic and braai (barbecue) areas dotted around the park, nestled under trees and around rock formations. Animals in the park include wildebeest, giraffe, zebra, impala, and eland, as well as over 280 species of bird.
- National Heroes Acre is a burial ground and national monument in Harare, Zimbabwe. It is a symbol of bravery and selflessness.
- Towering majestically is the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, which symbolises the final resting place for tens and thousands of Zimbabweans who sacrificed their lives for the sake of freedom and independence.
This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Harare across 20 in-depth pages. These are ready-to-use Harare worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Harare which is the capital and the most populous city of Zimbabwe. Its official name is Salisbury and was changed to Harare on April 18, 1982 – the second anniversary of Zimbabwean independence. Harare’s name was taken from the village near Harare Kopje of the Shona chief Neharawa, whose nickname was “he who does not sleep”.
Complete List Of Included Worksheets
- Harare Facts
- All About Harare
- Harare Tour
- Fact or Bluff
- Famous People
- Food IG
- Three Trees
- Good and Bad
- Jumbled Words
- My Checklist
- Never Sleep
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Link will appear as Harare Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, January 17, 2020
Use With Any Curriculum
These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.