Iraq Facts

Iraq Facts
Iraq, known officially as the Republic of Iraq, is a country with an autonomous region, called Iraqi Kurdistan, in Western Asia. See the fact file below for more information about Iraq.
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Capital
Baghdad

Population
24,001,816 (July 2002 est.)

Area
total: 437,072 sq km, slightly more than twice the size of Idaho

Type of Government
in transition following April 2003 defeat of SADDAM Husayn regime by US-led coalition

Money
Iraqi dinar (IQD)

Climate
mostly desert; mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq

Primary Language
Arabic, Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian